Conditions InDepth: Lipid Disorders
- Less than 200 mg/dL* (5.2 mmol/L) is desirable
- 200-239 mg/dL (5.2-6.1 mmol/L) is borderline high
- Over 239 mg/dL (6.1 mmol/L) is high
|Plaque Due to Build-up of Lipids in an Artery|
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- High-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol—This is often referred to as the "good" cholesterol because it helps to protect against heart disease. HDL may carry cholesterol to the liver and away from arteries. Levels of 60 mg/dL (1.6 mmol/L) or higher are beneficial in lowering heart-disease risk. Levels below 40 mg/dL increase your risk for heart disease.
- Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol—This is often referred to as the "bad" cholesterol because it increases the risk of heart disease. High levels allow plaque to build up in your arteries. Levels less than 100 mg/dL (2.6 mmol/L) are considered optimal.
Hypercholesterolemia. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us. Updated September 9, 2012. Accessed September 12, 2012.
Cholesterol. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute website. Available at: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/hbc/. Accessed September 12, 2012.
Cholesterol. American Heart Association website. Available at: http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/Cholesterol/Cholesterol%5FUCM%5F001089%5FSubHomePage.jsp. Accessed September 12, 2012.
Pejic RA, Lee DT. Hypertriglyceridemia. JABFM. 2006;19:310-316.
- Reviewer: Brian Randall, MD
- Review Date: 10/2012 -
- Update Date: 10/11/2012 -