What Is Mumps?
- Painful swelling of the parotid glands (under the cheeks and jaw)
- Sore throat
- Stiff neck
- Nausea and vomiting
- Swelling and pain under the tongue, jaw, or front of the chest
- In males: painful inflammation of the testicles
- In females: inflammation of the ovaries, which results in pain or tenderness in the abdomen
- Applying hot or cold compresses to swollen areas
- Gargling with warm saltwater
- Using non-aspirin pain relievers
- Using fever-reducing medicines (eg, acetaminophen, ibuprofen)
- Drinking plenty of fluids
- Avoiding tart or acidic drinks (eg, orange juice, lemonade)
- Eating a soft, bland diet
What Is the Mumps Vaccine?
Who Should Get Vaccinated and When?
- 12-15 months
- 4-6 years (school entry)—can be given earlier, but the two doses must be separated by at least four weeks
What Are the Risks Associated With the Mumps Vaccine?
- Mild problems: fever, a mild rash, or swelling of the glands in the cheeks or neck
- Moderate problems: seizure caused by fever, temporary pain and stiffness in the joints, and low platelet count
- Very rare: serious allergic reactions
Who Should Not Get Vaccinated?
- Had a life-threatening allergic reaction to gelatin, the antibiotic neomycin , or a previous dose of MMR vaccine
- Are moderately or severely ill—Wait until you recover.
- Pregnant women—Wait until after you have given birth. If you are planning on becoming pregnant, wait until four weeks after getting the vaccine.
What Other Ways Can Mumps Be Prevented Besides Vaccination?
What Happens in the Event of an Outbreak?
WHERE CAN I GET MORE INFORMATION?
Immunization Initiatives American Academy of Pediatrics http://www.cispimmunize.org/
National Immunization Program Centers for Disease Control and Prevention http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/
Baker CJ, Pickerling LK, Chilton L, et al; Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices. Recommended adult immunization schedule: United States, 2011. Ann Intern Med. 1 Feb 2011;154(3):168-173.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Recommended immunization schedules for persons aged 0-18 years —United States, 2011. MMWR . 2011;60(5).
Measles, mumps, and rubella: vaccine use and strategies for elimination of measles, rubella, and congenital rubella syndrome and control of mumps: recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, MMWR website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/00053391.htm . Published 22, 1998. Accessed February 17, 2012.
Mumps. New York State Department of Health website. Available at: http://www.health.state.ny.us/diseases/communicable/mumps/fact%5Fsheet.htm . Accessed February 6, 2007.
Mumps vaccination. US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/vpd-vac/mumps/default.htm . Accessed February 6, 2007.
Recommended immunization schedules for persons aged 0-6 years—United States, 2012. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/recs/schedules/downloads/child/0-6yrs-schedule-pr.pdf . Published December 23, 2011. Accessed February 16, 2012.
1/31/2008 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php : Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Recommended immunization schedules for persons aged 0-18 years—United States, 2008. MMWR. 2008;57;Q1-Q4. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, MMWR website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5701a8.htm . Updated January 10, 2008. Accessed January 28, 2008.
- Reviewer: Lawrence Frisch, MD, MPH
- Review Date: 06/2012 -
- Update Date: 00/61/2012 -