Practical Prevention--Who Needs Bone Mineral Density Testing?
Primarily a Woman's Disease
Promise of Prevention
How Bone Density Testing Works
Should You Have a BMD Test?
- Postmenopausal and under age 65 with at least one risk factor for osteoporosis besides menopause. Risk factors include:
- Personal or family history of a fracture as an adult
- White race
- Heavy drinking
- Low body weight or calcium intake
- Sedentary lifestyle
- Poor health
- Impaired memory or eyesight
- Recurrent falls
- Early menopause
- Age 65 or older regardless of risk factors
- Experiencing menopause and have risk factors
- Had a fracture after age 50 years
- Have a condition such as rheumatoid arthritis that is associated with bone loss
- Currently showing evidence of "thin bones" on x-rays
- Considering or receiving treatment for osteoporosis
- Taking, or have taken, long-term hormone replacement or cortisone therapy. Ask your doctor about other medications that may help or hurt bone loss.
American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists http://www.acog.com
National Institutes of Health Osteoporosis and Related Bone Diseases National Resource Center http://www.osteo.org .
The Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada http://www.sogc.org/index%5Fe.asp
Women's Health Matters http://www.womenshealthmatters.ca/
Bone mineral density testing: who, when, how. Patient Care . 2001 Jan 15:62-82.
Consensus development conference statement: osteoporosis prevention, diagnosis, and therapy. National Institutes of Health. 2000 Mar 27-29:1-10.
Osteoporosis: bone mass measurement. National Osteoporosis Foundation website. Available at: http://www.nof.org/osteoporosis/bonemass.htm .
Osteoporosis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebsochost.com/dynamed. Updated November 10, 2011. Accessed November 17, 2011.
Osteoporosis: fast facts. National Osteoporosis Foundation website. Available at: http://www.nof.org/node/40. Accessed November 17, 2011.
Physicians Guide to Prevention and Treatment of Osteoporosis (booklet). National Osteoporosis Foundation; 1998.
Postmenopausal osteoporosis: when and how to measure bone mineral density. Consultant . 2000 Apr 1:781-789.
- Reviewer: Brian Randall, MD
- Review Date: 11/2011 -
- Update Date: 11/17/2011 -