Continuous Positive Airway Pressure
|Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Machine|
|Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.|
Reasons for the Use of CPAP
- Decreased daytime sleepiness
- Decreased high blood pressure
- Decreased heartburn symptoms
- Improved quality of life
What to Expect
Prior to Getting a Machine
- A complete physical exam will be done.
- Your doctor may require you to stay in a sleep lab. This will help to determine the correct amount of airway pressure for you and your condition.
- You may see a pulmonologist or an ear, nose, and throat specialist.
Depending on your situation, your physician may recommend that you make lifestyle changes, such as:
- Quit smoking
- Losing weight
Description of Using the Machine
- Following your stay in a sleep lab, you will be prescribed a CPAP machine.
- The CPAP machine includes a pump and a face mask. The pump sits off the bed and has a tube that goes to the face mask. The face mask will be tightly secured to your head so that air will not leak out. The pump will force air through your airway to help keep it open.
- You will wear the face mask to bed every night.
How Long Will It Take?
Will It Hurt?
Average Hospital Stay
Call Your Doctor
- Cough or difficulty breathing
- Chest pain
- Feelings of dizziness, lightheadedness, or headache
- Ear pain that increases when using the CPAP machine
- Difficulty adjusting to the machine, beyond what is expected
American Academy of Otolaryngology http://www.entnet.org/
American Lung Association http://www.lungusa.org/
American Sleep Apnea Association http://www.sleepapnea.org/
The Canadian Sleep Society (CSS) http://www.css.to/
Canadian Society of Otolaryngology http://www.csohns.com/
The Lung Association http://www.lung.ca/
Barnes M, Houston D, Worsnop CJ, et al. A randomized controlled trial of continuous positive airway pressure in mild obstructive sleep apnea. Am J Respir Crit Care Med . 2002:165:773-780.
Bratzke E, Downs JB, Smith RA. Intermittent CPAP: a new mode of ventilation during general anesthesia. Anesthesiol . 1998;89(2):334-340.
Chowdhuri S. Continuous positive airway pressure for the treatment of sleep apnea. Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America . 2007; 40(4):807-27.
Masip J, Roque M, Sanchez B, et al. Noninvasive ventilation in acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema: systematic review and meta-analysis. JAMA. 2005;294:3124-3310.
Montserrat J, Ferrar M, Hernandez L, et al. Effectiveness of CPAP treatment in daytime function in sleep apnea syndrome: a randomized controlled study with an optimized placebo. Am J Respir Crit Care Med . 2001;64:608-613.
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us . Updated December 27, 2012. Accessed January 3, 2013.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 11/2012 -
- Update Date: 11/26/2012 -