Risk Factors for Metabolic Syndrome
- Genetic factors, which you inherit from your family
- Environmental factors such as diet and physical activity level
- Ethnicity—Mexican American women, Caucasians, and African Americans have a higher risk.
- Obesity—You are more likely to develop many of the underlying conditions of metabolic syndrome if you are overweight, especially if that extra weight is around your waist.
- Having disorders or conditions associated with metabolic disorder such as:
- Type 2 diabetes
- High blood pressure
- Cholesterol problems
- Coronary artery disease—a heart condition where the arteries that supply blood to the heart narrow, increasing the chances of a heart attack
- Polycystic ovary syndrome—a hormonal disorder that occurs when a woman produces an excess of male hormones
- Genes—Having a family history of the disorders listed above
- Physical inactivity
- Poor diet—Eating a diet high in calories, sugar, saturated fats, and starchy foodsand low in dietary fiber increases your risk.
- Unhealthy habits, such as smoking
- Certain medication, such as atypical antipsychotics
About metabolic syndrome. American Heart Association website. Available at: http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/More/MetabolicSyndrome/About-Metabolic-Syndrome%5FUCM%5F301920%5FArticle.jsp. Updated August 16, 2012. Accessed May 10, 2013.
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Ford ES, Giles WH, Dietz WH. Prevalence of the metabolic syndrome among US adults: findings from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. JAMA. 2002;287:356-359.
Gami AS, Witt BJ, Howard DE, et al. Metabolic syndrome and risk of incident cardiovascular events and death: a systematic review and meta-analysis of longitudinal studies. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2007;49:403-414.
Grundy SM. Metabolic syndrome: a multiplex cardiovascular risk factor. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2007;92:399-404.
Grundy SM, Cleeman JI, Daniels SR, et al. Diagnosis and management of the metabolic syndrome. Circulation. 2005;112:e285-e290.
Metabolic syndrome. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what. Updated March 29, 2013. Accessed May 10, 2013.
Weiss R. Dziura J, Burgert TS, et al. Obesity and the metabolic syndrome in children and adolescents. N Engl J Med. 2004;350:2362-2374.
Who is at risk for metabolic syndrome? National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute website. Available at:http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/ms/atrisk.html. Updated November 3, 2011. Accessed May 10, 2013.
- Reviewer: Brian Randall, MD
- Review Date: 05/2013 -
- Update Date: 05/10/2013 -