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October 2012 Briefing - Pediatrics

October 2012 Briefing - Pediatrics

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pediatrics for October 2012. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Single Topical Ivermectin Head Lice Treatment Very Effective

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 31 (HealthDay News) -- A single 10-minute, at-home treatment with topical ivermectin lotion eliminates head lice infestations in nearly all patients by the next day, according to a study published in the Nov. 1 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa1200107?query=featured_home )Editorial (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMe1211124?query=featured_home )

Early Behavioral Intervention 'Normalizes' Brain Pattern in ASD

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 31 (HealthDay News) -- For young children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), early behavioral intervention is associated with normalized brain activity patterns, which correlate with improvements in social behavior, according to research published in the November issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry.

Abstract (http://www.jaacap.com/article/S0890-8567(12)00643-0/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.jaacap.com/article/S0890-8567(12)00643-0/fulltext )

Risk Factors for Childhood Overweight ID'd in Infancy

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 31 (HealthDay News) -- Risk factors for childhood overweight are identifiable during infancy, and include maternal pre-pregnancy weight, infant birth weight and weight gain, and maternal smoking during pregnancy, according to research published online Oct. 29 in the Archives of Disease in Childhood.

Abstract (http://adc.bmj.com/content/early/2012/09/26/archdischild-2012-302263.abstract )Full Text (http://adc.bmj.com/content/early/2012/09/26/archdischild-2012-302263.full )

Genetic Marker Associated With Smoking Linked to ADHD

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 31 (HealthDay News) -- A genetic marker previously identified as associated with smoking may also be associated with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), according to a study published online Oct. 29 in the Archives of Disease in Childhood.

Abstract (http://adc.bmj.com/content/early/2012/09/20/archdischild-2012-301882.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://adc.bmj.com/content/early/2012/09/20/archdischild-2012-301882.full )Editorial (http://adc.bmj.com/content/early/2012/10/24/archdischild-2012-302461.full )

Children With Autism Have Normal Development at 6 Months

TUESDAY, Oct. 30 (HealthDay News) -- The development of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is similar to children without the disorder at 6 months of age, suggesting that ASD has a pre-clinical phase of varying duration when detection may be difficult, according to a study published online Oct. 30 in Child Development.

Abstract (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1467-8624.2012.01870.x/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1467-8624.2012.01870.x/full )

Overweight, Obese Teens at Risk for End-Stage Renal Disease

TUESDAY, Oct. 30 (HealthDay News) -- Being overweight or obese as an adolescent is significantly associated with increased risk for all-cause treated end-stage renal disease (ESRD), according to a study published online Oct. 29 in the Archives of Internal Medicine.

Abstract (http://archinte.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=1387591#Abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://archinte.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=1387591 )Editorial (subscription or payment may be required) (http://archinte.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=1387592 )

Children With Migraine at Risk for Poor School Performance

MONDAY, Oct. 29 (HealthDay News) -- Children with migraine are significantly more likely to have poor performance at school, according to a study published in the Oct. 30 issue of Neurology.

Abstract (http://www.neurology.org/content/79/18/1881.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.neurology.org/content/79/18/1881.full )

Pediatricians Key in Rural Emergency Medical Services

MONDAY, Oct. 29 (HealthDay News) -- In rural areas, pediatricians can play a key role in the development, implementation, and ongoing supervision of emergency medical services for children (EMSC), according to a policy statement from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) published online Oct. 29 in Pediatrics.

Abstract (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2012/10/24/peds.2012-2547.abstract )Full Text (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2012/10/24/peds.2012-2547.full.pdf+html )

Systematic Pain Management Needed for Children in ER

MONDAY, Oct. 29 (HealthDay News) -- Steps to manage pain and stress in pediatric emergency medical care are recommended, according to a clinical report from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) published online Oct. 29 in Pediatrics.

Abstract (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2012/10/24/peds.2012-2536.abstract )Full Text (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2012/10/24/peds.2012-2536.full.pdf+html )

Old Order Amish Children More Active, Less Likely Overweight

MONDAY, Oct. 29 (HealthDay News) -- Old Order Amish (OOA) children are less likely to be overweight and are more physically active than other children, according to a study published online Oct. 23 in Diabetes Care.

Abstract (http://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/early/2012/10/18/dc12-0934.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/early/2012/10/18/dc12-0934.full.pdf+html )

Metabolic Patterns of Propofol, Sevoflurane Differ in Children

FRIDAY, Oct. 26 (HealthDay News) -- For children undergoing routine anesthesia for medically indicated magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), the metabolic signature varies with use of sevoflurane and propofol, according to a study published in the November issue of Anesthesiology.

Abstract (http://journals.lww.com/anesthesiology/Fulltext/2012/11000/Metabolomic_Profiling_of_Children_s_Brains.25.aspx )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://journals.lww.com/anesthesiology/Fulltext/2012/11000/Metabolomic_Profiling_of_Children_s_Brains.25.aspx )

Independent Link for Child BMI, Adult Cardio Risk Questioned

FRIDAY, Oct. 26 (HealthDay News) -- Although the evidence for an association between childhood body mass index (BMI) and cardiovascular outcomes seems consistent, few studies examine this association independent of adult BMI, according to research published in the November issue of Obesity Reviews.

Abstract (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1467-789X.2012.01015.x/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1467-789X.2012.01015.x/full )

Intestinal Bacteria Profile Altered in Pediatric Crohn's

THURSDAY, Oct. 25 (HealthDay News) -- Pediatric patients with Crohn's disease have altered levels of particular fecal bacterial species, some of which correlate with disease severity, according to a study published in the October issue of the Journal of Clinical Microbiology.

Abstract (http://jcm.asm.org/content/50/10/3258.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://jcm.asm.org/content/50/10/3258.full )

Risk of Suicide Ideation Up for Recently Victimized Teens

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 24 (HealthDay News) -- Adolescents exposed to recent victimization have an increased risk for suicide ideation, with a higher risk for those exposed to polyvictimization, according to a study published online Oct. 22 in the Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine.

Abstract (http://archpedi.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=1384983#Abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://archpedi.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=1384983 )

Worse Outcomes for Mother-Infant Pairs in Separate ICUs

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 24 (HealthDay News) -- Concurrent admission of a mother and her newborn to separate intensive care units (co-ICU) is associated with increased prevalence of mother-infant separation because of interfacility transfer, and with elevated mortality for both, according to a study published online Oct. 22 in CMAJ, the journal of the Canadian Medical Association.

Abstract (http://www.cmaj.ca/content/early/2012/10/22/cmaj.121283 )Full Text (http://www.cmaj.ca/content/early/2012/10/22/cmaj.121283.full.pdf+html )

Single Bout of Exercise Benefits Children With ADHD

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 24 (HealthDay News) -- A single bout of moderate intensity aerobic exercise may improve neurocognitive function and inhibitory control for children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), according to a study published online Oct. 19 in The Journal of Pediatrics.

Abstract (http://www.jpeds.com/article/S0022-3476(12)00994-8/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.jpeds.com/article/S0022-3476(12)00994-8/fulltext )

Genuine Very Large Effects in Trials Rare in Medicine

TUESDAY, Oct. 23 (HealthDay News) -- Large treatment effects are most likely to be found in small studies, with the effect diminishing with additional trials, according to research published in the Oct. 24 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Abstract (http://jama.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=1386610#Abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://jama.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=1386610 )Editorial (subscription or payment may be required) (http://jama.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=1386596 )

Lower Extremity Pain Negatively Impacts Obese Children

MONDAY, Oct. 22 (HealthDay News) -- Obese children with lower extremity (LE) pain have worse physical function and poorer psychosocial health compared to those without LE pain, according to a study published online Oct. 12 in Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research.

Abstract (http://www.clinorthop.org/journal/11999/0/-1/2620_10.1007_s11999-012-2620-0/0/Lower_Extremity_Pain_Is_Associated_With_Reduced_Function_and_Psychosocial_Health_in_Obese_Children.html )Full Text (http://www.springerlink.com/content/92x12066347t633l/fulltext.html )

Parental Stress Linked to Obesity in Offspring

MONDAY, Oct. 22 (HealthDay News) -- The number of parent stressors is associated with child obesity, and parent-perceived stress impacts related behaviors, specifically fast-food consumption, according to a study published online Oct. 22 in Pediatrics.

Abstract (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2012/10/15/peds.2012-0895.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2012/10/15/peds.2012-0895.full.pdf+html )

Obese Young Males Have Lower Testosterone Levels

MONDAY, Oct. 22 (HealthDay News) -- Obesity in young males is associated with low testosterone concentrations, according to a study published online Sept. 13 in Clinical Endocrinology.

Abstract (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/cen.12018/abstract )Full Text (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/cen.12018/pdf )

Social Outcomes Good for Most Pediatric Brain Tumor Survivors

FRIDAY, Oct. 19 (HealthDay News) -- While the majority of survivors of pediatric embryonal tumors display positive social outcomes several years after diagnosis and treatment, specific risk factors may affect social adjustment and behavior over the long term, according to research published online Oct. 15 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

Abstract (http://jco.ascopubs.org/content/early/2012/10/15/JCO.2011.40.6702.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://jco.ascopubs.org/content/early/2012/10/15/JCO.2011.40.6702.full.pdf+html )

Children With Autism Lack Language to Explain Behavior

FRIDAY, Oct. 19 (HealthDay News) -- Unlike typically developing children, children with autism do not use language areas of the brain to identify socially inappropriate behavior, according to a study published online Oct. 17 in PLoS One.

Abstract (http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0047241#abstract0 )Full Text (http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0047241 )

Procedure Can Treat Stiff-Knee Gait in Spastic Cerebral Palsy

FRIDAY, Oct. 19 (HealthDay News) -- For individuals with spastic diplegic cerebral palsy and stiff-knee gait with decreased peak knee flexion in the swing phase, distal rectus femoris transfer (DRFT) produces significant and lasting improvements in peak knee flexion, according to research published in the Oct. 3 issue of The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery.

Abstract (http://jbjs.org/article.aspx?articleID=1361622 )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://jbjs.org/article.aspx?articleID=1361622 )

CDC: Unintentional Injury Greatest Childhood Killer in U.S.

THURSDAY, Oct. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Between 2000 and 2009, more than 115,000 young people in the United States lost their lives to unintentional injury, the leading cause of death among people 0 to 19 years of age in the United States, according to research published in the Oct. 19 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report.

Full Text (http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm6141a2.htm?s_cid=mm6141a2_w )

Return to Work Difficult for Doctors on Sick Leave

THURSDAY, Oct. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Returning to work after a prolonged sick leave for physical or mental health problems, or drug or alcohol problems, is difficult for doctors, who describe self-stigmatization and fear a negative response on their return to work, according to a study published online Oct. 15 in BMJ Open.

Abstract (http://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/2/5/e001776.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/2/5/e001776.full )

Post-Bleed Hydrocephalus Risk Up in Low-Income Preemies

THURSDAY, Oct. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Preterm neonates born to low-income parents have a disproportionately high risk of developing posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus (PHH) that requires multiple surgeries and extensive follow-up, according to research published online Sept. 28 in Pediatric Neurosurgery.

Abstract (http://content.karger.com/ProdukteDB/produkte.asp?Aktion=ShowAbstract&ArtikelNr=342539&Ausgabe=0&ProduktNr=224273 )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://content.karger.com/ProdukteDB/produkte.asp?Aktion=ShowFulltext&ArtikelNr=342539&Ausgabe=0&ProduktNr=224273 )

Lexatumumab Tolerated for Pediatric Solid Tumors

TUESDAY, Oct. 16 (HealthDay News) -- Lexatumumab, an agonistic, full human monoclonal antibody against tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand receptor 2, is well tolerated and may lessen certain clinical symptoms in some pediatric patients with solid tumors, according to a study published online Oct. 15 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

Abstract (http://jco.ascopubs.org/content/early/2012/10/15/JCO.2012.44.1055.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://jco.ascopubs.org/content/early/2012/10/15/JCO.2012.44.1055.full.pdf+html )

Case Series Suggest 'Mother's Kiss' Is Safe, Effective

TUESDAY, Oct. 16 (HealthDay News) -- A technique known as "mother's kiss" is safe and generally effective for removing foreign objects from children's noses, according to a review published online Oct. 15 in CMAJ, the journal of the Canadian Medical Association.

Abstract (http://www.cmaj.ca/content/early/2012/10/15/cmaj.111864 )Full Text (http://www.cmaj.ca/content/early/2012/10/15/cmaj.111864.full.pdf+html )

Electronic Health Records Improve Ambulatory Care

TUESDAY, Oct. 16 (HealthDay News) -- The use of electronic health records (EHRs) significantly improves the quality of ambulatory care in a community-based setting, according to a study published online Oct. 3 in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

Abstract (http://www.springerlink.com/content/p62lv68333315162/ )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (https://springerlink3.metapress.com/content/p62lv68333315162/resource-secured/?target=fulltext.html&sid=hxzfwhwar5zbbl4acymgpq4a&sh=www.springerlink.com )

HPV Vaccination Doesn't Up Poor Outcomes for Sexual Activity

MONDAY, Oct. 15 (HealthDay News) -- For girls, receipt of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination at the recommended ages (11 to 12 years) does not correlate with an increase in sexual activity-related outcomes, according to a study published online Oct. 15 in Pediatrics.

Abstract (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2012/10/10/peds.2012-1516.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2012/10/10/peds.2012-1516.full.pdf+html )

Fathers Independently Influence Teen Sexual Behavior

MONDAY, Oct. 15 (HealthDay News) -- In addition to mothers, fathers also have an independent influence on adolescent sexual behavior, according to research published online Oct. 15 in Pediatrics.

Abstract (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2012/10/10/peds.2011-2066.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2012/10/10/peds.2011-2066.full.pdf+html )

Even Modest Sleep Increase Improves Child Behavior

MONDAY, Oct. 15 (HealthDay News) -- For children aged 7 to 11 years, a moderate increase in sleep correlates with improvement in emotional regulation and alertness, while the opposite effects are observed with sleep restriction, according to a study published online Oct. 15 in Pediatrics.

Abstract (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2012/10/10/peds.2012-0564.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2012/10/10/peds.2012-0564.full.pdf+html )

Gastro Illness in Infancy Linked to Islet Autoimmunity

FRIDAY, Oct. 12 (HealthDay News) -- Gastrointestinal illnesses are associated with increased risk of islet autoimmunity (IA) among children who are exposed to wheat or barley either early or late in infancy, according to a study published online Oct. 5 in Diabetes Care.

Abstract (http://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/early/2012/10/02/dc12-0423.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/early/2012/10/02/dc12-0423.full.pdf+html )

Social Media Influences Youth Sexual Behavior in Short Term

THURSDAY, Oct. 11 (HealthDay News) -- Social media can be an efficacious vehicle for delivering messages regarding the prevention of sexually transmitted infections (STIs), according to a study published online Oct. 9 in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

Full Text (http://www.ajpmonline.org/webfiles/images/journals/amepre/AMEPRE_3533[3]-stamped.pdf )Editorial (http://www.ajpmonline.org/webfiles/images/journals/amepre/AMEPRE_3559-stamped.pdf )

Assessment of Pain Varies for Children in Canadian Hospitals

THURSDAY, Oct. 11 (HealthDay News) -- Most pediatric patients in Canadian hospitals undergo pain assessments, but these are characterized by variability in frequency and nature, according to a study published in the September issue of The Journal of Pain.

Abstract (http://www.jpain.org/article/S1526-5900(12)00662-1/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.jpain.org/article/S1526-5900(12)00662-1/fulltext )

Relocation Offers Mental Health Benefit for Some Teen Girls

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 10 (HealthDay News) -- Adolescent boys and boys and girls with health-related vulnerabilities who move from high-poverty public housing arrangements to low-poverty private apartments do not experience mental health benefits, although some girls without health vulnerabilities do benefit, according to research published online Oct. 8 in the Archives of General Psychiatry.

Abstract (http://archpsyc.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=1377674#Abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://archpsyc.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=1377674 )

Physical Activity Moderately Ups Bleed Risk in Hemophilia

TUESDAY, Oct. 9 (HealthDay News) -- There is a moderate but significant transient increased risk in bleeding following vigorous physical activity in children and adolescent boys with hemophilia, according to a study published in the Oct. 10 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Abstract (http://jama.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=1377921#Abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://jama.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=1377921 )Editorial (subscription or payment may be required) (http://jama.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=1377908 )

Retinal Hemorrhage Pattern Can Predict Inflicted Brain Injury

TUESDAY, Oct. 9 (HealthDay News) -- In children under the age of 3, a high dot-blot count for retinal hemorrhages (RHs) is a strong predictor of inflicted traumatic brain injury (ITBI) rather than accidental traumatic brain injury (ATBI), according to research published online Oct. 8 in Pediatrics.

Abstract (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2012/10/02/peds.2011-3274.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2012/10/02/peds.2011-3274.full.pdf+html )

Prenatal Psychotropic Meds Affect Infant Language

MONDAY, Oct. 8 (HealthDay News) -- Maternal mood and exposure to serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SRIs) in pregnancy affect development of the infant speech perception system, according to a study published online Oct. 8 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Abstract (http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2012/10/04/1121263109.abstract )Full Text (http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2012/10/04/1121263109.full.pdf+html )

Neonatal Outcomes Unaffected by Transfused Blood Cell Age

MONDAY, Oct. 8 (HealthDay News) -- Premature, very-low-birth-weight infants requiring a blood transfusion do equally well if they receive fresh red blood cells (RBCs) or standard blood bank RBCs, according to a study published online Oct. 8 in the Journal of the American Medical Association to coincide with presentation at the annual meeting of AABB (formerly the American Association of Blood Banks), held from Oct. 6 to 9 in Boston.

Abstract (http://jama.jamanetwork.com/journal.aspx )Full Text (http://jama.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=1377715#Abstract )More Information (http://www.aabb.org/events/annualmeeting/Pages/default.aspx )

ADHD Risk Increased With Maternal Mercury Exposure

MONDAY, Oct. 8 (HealthDay News) -- The risk of developing attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is higher with low-level prenatal mercury exposure, but lower with maternal fish consumption during pregnancy, according to a study published online Oct. 8 in the Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine.

Abstract (http://archpedi.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=1377487#Abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://archpedi.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=1377487 )Editorial (subscription or payment may be required) (http://archpedi.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=1377501 )

Free Birth Control Substantially Lowers Abortion Rate

MONDAY, Oct. 8 (HealthDay News) -- Providing no-cost birth control, including long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARCs) such as intrauterine devices or implants, substantially reduces abortion rates and teenage pregnancies compared with the national rate, according to research published online Oct. 3 in Obstetrics & Gynecology.

Abstract (http://journals.lww.com/greenjournal/Abstract/publishahead/Preventing_Unintended_Pregnancies_by_Providing.99945.aspx )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://journals.lww.com/greenjournal/Abstract/publishahead/Preventing_Unintended_Pregnancies_by_Providing.99945.aspx )

Terminally Ill Young Adults ID Items Important to Their Care

MONDAY, Oct. 8 (HealthDay News) -- Adolescents and young adults (AYAs) with life-threatening illness want to be able to choose and record specific information for their end-of-life care, according to a study published online Oct. 8 in Pediatrics.

Abstract (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2012/10/02/peds.2012-0663.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2012/10/02/peds.2012-0663.full.pdf+html )

Nearly Half of Children With Autism Wander

MONDAY, Oct. 8 (HealthDay News) -- Nearly half of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) wander away, with considerable numbers of them facing physical danger, according to a study published online Oct. 8 in Pediatrics.

Abstract (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2012/10/02/peds.2012-0762.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2012/10/02/peds.2012-0762.full.pdf+html )

CT Use Up for Children With Abdominal Pain Seen in ER

MONDAY, Oct. 8 (HealthDay News) -- For children presenting to the emergency department with abdominal pain, there was a dramatic increase in computed tomography (CT) use from 1998 to 2008, according to a study published online Oct. 8 in Pediatrics.

Abstract (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2012/10/02/peds.2012-0739.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2012/10/02/peds.2012-0739.full.pdf+html )

Thin-Ideal Internalization Influenced by Genetic Factors

FRIDAY, Oct. 5 (HealthDay News) -- Thin-ideal internalization is significantly influenced by genetic and non-shared environmental factors, according to a study published online Oct. 3 in the International Journal of Eating Disorders.

Abstract (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/eat.22056/abstract )Full Text (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/eat.22056/full )

Delayed Auditory Processing Found in Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

FRIDAY, Oct. 5 (HealthDay News) -- Preschool children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) display delays in auditory processing, which may serve as a useful neural marker of information processing difficulties, according to research published in the October issue of Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research.

Abstract (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1530-0277.2012.01769.x/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1530-0277.2012.01769.x/full )

BMI and Lean Body Mass Decline After Allogeneic HSCT

THURSDAY, Oct. 4 (HealthDay News) -- In survivors of childhood hematologic malignancies who have received allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (alloHSCT), body mass index (BMI) decreases significantly, mainly due to a reduction in lean, not fat, body mass, according to research published online Oct. 1 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

Abstract (http://jco.ascopubs.org/content/early/2012/10/01/JCO.2011.40.0457.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://jco.ascopubs.org/content/early/2012/10/01/JCO.2011.40.0457.full.pdf+html )

For Obese Teens, Aerobic Fitness Provides Mental Health Benefits

THURSDAY, Oct. 4 (HealthDay News) -- An aerobic exercise program, consisting of stationary bike cycling to either music or an interactive video game, provides many psychological benefits for overweight and obese adolescents, according to a study published online Sept. 30 in the Journal of Pediatric Psychology.

Abstract (http://jpepsy.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2012/09/28/jpepsy.jss084.abstract?sid=63d5a289-cc45-4775-a7ba-c869dec0361a )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://jpepsy.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2012/09/28/jpepsy.jss084.full )

Two-Day Test Can Improve Molecular Diagnosis in Newborns

THURSDAY, Oct. 4 (HealthDay News) -- A new test that combines whole-genome sequencing with bioinformatics can potentially identify genetic diseases in newborns in the neonatal intensive care unit in about two days, according to a study published in the Oct. 3 issue of Science Translational Medicine.

Abstract (http://stm.sciencemag.org/content/4/154/154ra135 )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://stm.sciencemag.org/content/4/154/154ra135.full )

Recent Decrease Seen in U.S. High School Drinking and Driving

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 3 (HealthDay News) -- The national prevalence of drinking and driving among high school students decreased by 54 percent from 1991 to 2011, with a national prevalence of 10.3 percent noted in 2011, according to a study published in the Oct. 2 early-release issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report.

Full Text (http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm61e1002a1.htm?s_cid=mm61e1002a1_w )

Limiting the Problem of Missing Data Urged for Clinical Trials

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 3 (HealthDay News) -- Missing data compromise inferences from clinical trials, and due to the problematic nature of compensation with analysis methods, the importance of avoiding missing data in clinical trials is paramount, according to a special report published in the Oct. 4 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMsr1203730 )

Meta-Analysis Confirms Sunbed, Non-Melanoma Skin Cancer Link

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 3 (HealthDay News) -- Pooled results of multiple studies confirm that indoor tanning increases the risk of non-melanoma skin cancers, especially if tanning starts before 25 years of age, according to research published online Oct. 2 in BMJ.

Full Text (http://www.bmj.com/content/345/bmj.e5909 )Editorial (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.bmj.com/content/345/bmj.e6101 )

Common Herbicide Linked to Rare Birth Defect

TUESDAY, Oct. 2 (HealthDay News) -- Maternal exposure to a common herbicide, atrazine, is associated with a nearly two-fold higher risk of having offspring with a rare birth defect of the nasal cavity, according to a study published online Sept. 28 in The Journal of Pediatrics.

Full Text (http://www.jpeds.com/webfiles/images/journals/ympd/FA-ajagopian.pdf )

Observation Units Could Save $3.1 Billion Nationally Per Year

TUESDAY, Oct. 2 (HealthDay News) -- The addition of observation units to U.S. hospitals which do not currently have them in place could save $3.1 billion nationally per year in health care costs, according to a study published online Sept. 26 in Health Affairs.

Abstract (http://content.healthaffairs.org/content/early/2012/09/20/hlthaff.2011.0926 )Full Text (http://content.healthaffairs.org/content/early/2012/09/20/hlthaff.2011.0926.full )

No New Safety Concerns for Gardasil in Young Females

TUESDAY, Oct. 2 (HealthDay News) -- Since its approval in 2006, no new safety concerns have been found to be associated with vaccinating girls and young women with the quadrivalent human papillomavirus vaccine (HPV4), Gardasil, according to a study published online Oct. 1 in the Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine.

Abstract (http://archpedi.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=1363509#Abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://archpedi.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=1363509 )

Many Juvenile Detainees Have Psychiatric Disorders Later On

TUESDAY, Oct. 2 (HealthDay News) -- As many as half of the children and adolescents who are in juvenile detention have psychiatric disorders five years after release, according to a study published in the October issue of the Archives of General Psychiatry.

Abstract (http://archpsyc.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=1370447#Abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://archpsyc.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=1370447 )

Tolerance for Ambiguity May Drive Adolescent Risk-Taking

MONDAY, Oct. 1 (HealthDay News) -- Compared with adults, adolescents tolerate ambiguous conditions, which may underlie their risk-taking behavior, according to a study published online Oct. 1 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Abstract (http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2012/09/25/1207144109.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2012/09/25/1207144109.full.pdf+html )

Developmental Outcomes Good for Late Preterm Infants in NICU

MONDAY, Oct. 1 (HealthDay News) -- Late preterm infants (LPIs), born at 34 to 36 weeks of gestation, who receive intensive care, have similar cognitive, motor, and language skills at age 3 as LPIs who did not receive intensive care, according to a study published online Oct. 1 in Pediatrics.

Abstract (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2012/09/26/peds.2012-0745.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2012/09/26/peds.2012-0745.full.pdf+html )

Respiratory Virus Patterns ID'd for Urban, Suburban Infants

MONDAY, Oct. 1 (HealthDay News) -- Compared with babies living in more suburban locations, those living in inner-city areas tend to have different patterns of viral respiratory illness, according to a study published online Sept. 25 in the Journal of Infectious Diseases.

Abstract (http://jid.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2012/09/22/infdis.jis504.abstract )Full Text (http://jid.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2012/09/22/infdis.jis504.full )Editorial (http://jid.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2012/09/22/infdis.jis507.full )

U.S. Children Exposed to About Four Hours Background TV a Day

MONDAY, Oct. 1 (HealthDay News) -- On average, children in the United States are exposed to nearly four hours of background television per day, with younger children and African-American children having even higher exposure, according to a study published online Oct. 1 in Pediatrics.

Abstract (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2012/09/26/peds.2011-2581.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2012/09/26/peds.2011-2581.full.pdf+html )

Increase in Child Abuse Injuries Seen in Recent Years

MONDAY, Oct. 1 (HealthDay News) -- Over a period of 12 years, from 1997 to 2009, the incidence of serious injuries due to physical abuse increased in children younger than 18 and in infants younger than 1, according to a study published online Oct. 1 in Pediatrics.

Abstract (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2012/09/26/peds.2012-0922.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2012/09/26/peds.2012-0922.full.pdf+html )