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October 2012 Briefing - Nursing

October 2012 Briefing - Nursing

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Nursing for October 2012. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Once-Yearly Zoledronic Acid Benefits Men With Osteoporosis

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 31 (HealthDay News) -- For men with osteoporosis, a once-yearly infusion with zoledronic acid is associated with fewer vertebral fractures and improved bone health compared with placebo, according to a study published in the Nov. 1 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa1204061 )

Single Topical Ivermectin Head Lice Treatment Very Effective

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 31 (HealthDay News) -- A single 10-minute, at-home treatment with topical ivermectin lotion eliminates head lice infestations in nearly all patients by the next day, according to a study published in the Nov. 1 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa1200107?query=featured_home )Editorial (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMe1211124?query=featured_home )

FDA: Ameridose Issues Voluntary Recall of All Products

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 31 (HealthDay News) -- Ameridose, a Massachusetts-based manufacturer of sterile injectable products and oral syringes, is undergoing a voluntary recall of all unexpired products in circulation, according to an Oct. 31 news release issued by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

More Information (http://www.fda.gov/NewsEvents/Newsroom/PressAnnouncements/ucm326361.htm )

Scoliosis Surgery Improves Adolescents' Quality of Life

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 31 (HealthDay News) -- Surgical treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) significantly improves quality of life (QOL), according to research published online Oct. 22 in the Journal of Spinal Disorders & Techniques.

Abstract (http://journals.lww.com/jspinaldisorders/Abstract/publishahead/Prospective_Evaluation_of_Quality_of_Life_in.99558.aspx )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://journals.lww.com/jspinaldisorders/Abstract/publishahead/Prospective_Evaluation_of_Quality_of_Life_in.99558.aspx )

Latrepirdine Not Effective in Huntington's Disease

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 31 (HealthDay News) -- Although safe and well tolerated, the experimental small molecule latrepirdine does not improve cognition after six months of treatment in patients with mild-to-moderate Huntington's disease (HD), according to a study published online Oct. 29 in the Archives of Neurology.

Abstract (http://archneur.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=1387593#Abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://archneur.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=1387593 )

Fascia Lata Can Substitute for Nasal Lining in Reconstruction

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 31 (HealthDay News) -- Fascia lata, which is a thin, pliable, and vascularized tissue, can be effectively used as a substitute for nasal lining in complex total and subtotal nasal reconstruction procedures, according to a case series published online Oct. 29 in the Archives of Facial Plastic Surgery.

Abstract (http://archfaci.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=1386641#Abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://archfaci.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=1386641 )

Fenofibrate/Simvastatin Benefit in Dyslipidemia Explored

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 31 (HealthDay News) -- Combination treatment with fenofibrate and simvastatin (FENO-S) significantly reduces postprandial (PP) triglyceride (TG) levels compared with simvastatin alone in all subjects, regardless of fasting TG level, but reduces atherogenic apolipoprotein (apo) B48 particles only in those with increased fasting TG levels, according to research published online Oct. 25 in Diabetes Care.

Abstract (http://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/early/2012/09/26/dc11-2556.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/early/2012/09/26/dc11-2556.full.pdf+html )

Genetic Marker Associated With Smoking Linked to ADHD

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 31 (HealthDay News) -- A genetic marker previously identified as associated with smoking may also be associated with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), according to a study published online Oct. 29 in the Archives of Disease in Childhood.

Abstract (http://adc.bmj.com/content/early/2012/09/20/archdischild-2012-301882.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://adc.bmj.com/content/early/2012/09/20/archdischild-2012-301882.full )Editorial (http://adc.bmj.com/content/early/2012/10/24/archdischild-2012-302461.full )

Risk Factors for Childhood Overweight ID'd in Infancy

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 31 (HealthDay News) -- Risk factors for childhood overweight are identifiable during infancy, and include maternal pre-pregnancy weight, infant birth weight and weight gain, and maternal smoking during pregnancy, according to research published online Oct. 29 in the Archives of Disease in Childhood.

Abstract (http://adc.bmj.com/content/early/2012/09/26/archdischild-2012-302263.abstract )Full Text (http://adc.bmj.com/content/early/2012/09/26/archdischild-2012-302263.full )

Only Omega-3s From Fish Tied to Lower Cerebrovascular Risk

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 31 (HealthDay News) -- Intake of omega-3 fatty acids from fish, but not circulating biomarkers or supplements, correlates with modestly reduced cerebrovascular risk, according to a meta-analysis published online Oct. 30 in BMJ.

Full Text (http://www.bmj.com/content/345/bmj.e6698 )Editorial (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.bmj.com/content/345/bmj.e7219 )

Smoke-Free Workplace Laws Lead to Decline in MI Incidence

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 31 (HealthDay News) -- Following implementation of workplace smoke-free laws, the incidence of myocardial infarction (MI) decreased significantly in Olmsted County, Minn., according to a study published online Oct. 29 in the Archives of Internal Medicine.

Abstract (http://archinte.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=1387590#Abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://archinte.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=1387590 )Editorial (subscription or payment may be required) (http://archinte.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=1387587 )

Early Behavioral Intervention 'Normalizes' Brain Pattern in ASD

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 31 (HealthDay News) -- For young children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), early behavioral intervention is associated with normalized brain activity patterns, which correlate with improvements in social behavior, according to research published in the November issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry.

Abstract (http://www.jaacap.com/article/S0890-8567(12)00643-0/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.jaacap.com/article/S0890-8567(12)00643-0/fulltext )

Total Bilirubin Predicts In-Hospital Mortality in STEMI

TUESDAY, Oct. 30 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), serum total bilirubin (TB) levels can be used to predict the risk of in-hospital mortality, according to a study published online Oct. 26 in The American Journal of Cardiology.

Abstract (http://www.ajconline.org/article/S0002-9149(12)02189-3/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.ajconline.org/article/S0002-9149(12)02189-3/fulltext )

Quality of Life for Cancer Survivors Depends on Type

TUESDAY, Oct. 30 (HealthDay News) -- Survivors of cancers are more likely to report poor physical and mental health-related quality of life (HRQOL), compared with adults without cancer, with considerable variation noted for different types of cancers, according to a study published online Oct. 30 in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention.

Abstract (http://cebp.aacrjournals.org/content/early/2012/10/28/1055-9965.EPI-12-0740.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://cebp.aacrjournals.org/content/early/2012/10/28/1055-9965.EPI-12-0740.full.pdf+html )

Children With Autism Have Normal Development at 6 Months

TUESDAY, Oct. 30 (HealthDay News) -- The development of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is similar to children without the disorder at 6 months of age, suggesting that ASD has a pre-clinical phase of varying duration when detection may be difficult, according to a study published online Oct. 30 in Child Development.

Abstract (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1467-8624.2012.01870.x/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1467-8624.2012.01870.x/full )

U.S. Medicare Spending on Elderly Has Outpaced Canada's

TUESDAY, Oct. 30 (HealthDay News) -- U.S. Medicare spending on the elderly has grown nearly three times faster than its Canadian counterpart, according to a study published online Oct. 29 in the Archives of Internal Medicine.

Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://archinte.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=1387588 )

Evidence-Based Practices to Prevent Peri-Op VTE Identified

TUESDAY, Oct. 30 (HealthDay News) -- Evidence-based practices to improve the consistency of venous thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis in the perioperative period have been identified, according to research published online in the November issue of the AORN Journal.

Abstract (http://www.aornjournal.org/article/S0001-2092(12)00771-5/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.aornjournal.org/article/S0001-2092(12)00771-5/fulltext )

ApoE ε3 Is Most Common ApoE Among Oldest Old

TUESDAY, Oct. 30 (HealthDay News) -- Most nonagenarians carry the ApoE ε3 genotype and few carry the ApoE ε4 genotype, with no association noted between the ApoE ε4 allele and quality of life (QOL), according to a study published in the October issue of the Journal of the American Medical Directors Association.

Abstract (http://www.jamda.com/article/S1525-8610(12)00221-6/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.jamda.com/article/S1525-8610(12)00221-6/fulltext )

Resveratrol Has No Metabolic Benefit for Non-Obese Women

TUESDAY, Oct. 30 (HealthDay News) -- Resveratrol supplementation does not improve plasma lipids or insulin sensitivity in non-obese women, nor does it affect its putative targets in fat or muscle, according to a study published online Oct. 25 in Cell Metabolism.

Abstract (http://www.cell.com/cell-metabolism/abstract/S1550-4131(12)00399-3 )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1550413112003993 )

Overweight, Obese Teens at Risk for End-Stage Renal Disease

TUESDAY, Oct. 30 (HealthDay News) -- Being overweight or obese as an adolescent is significantly associated with increased risk for all-cause treated end-stage renal disease (ESRD), according to a study published online Oct. 29 in the Archives of Internal Medicine.

Abstract (http://archinte.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=1387591#Abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://archinte.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=1387591 )Editorial (subscription or payment may be required) (http://archinte.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=1387592 )

Oncologists Generally Refer to Specialized Palliative Care Late

TUESDAY, Oct. 30 (HealthDay News) -- Definitional issues and non-acceptance of patients receiving chemotherapy are the barriers to earlier referral to specialized palliative care (SPC) by oncologists, according to a study published online Oct. 29 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

Abstract (http://jco.ascopubs.org/content/early/2012/10/29/JCO.2012.44.0248.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://jco.ascopubs.org/content/early/2012/10/29/JCO.2012.44.0248.full.pdf+html )

Acupuncture Reduces Breast Cancer-Related Fatigue

MONDAY, Oct. 29 (HealthDay News) -- Acupuncture significantly reduces fatigue and improves quality of life in breast cancer patients with cancer-related fatigue, according to a study published online Oct. 29 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

Abstract (http://jco.ascopubs.org/content/early/2012/10/29/JCO.2012.41.6222.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://jco.ascopubs.org/content/early/2012/10/29/JCO.2012.41.6222.full.pdf+html )Editorial (http://jco.ascopubs.org/content/early/2012/10/29/JCO.2012.46.0436.full.pdf+html )

Children With Migraine at Risk for Poor School Performance

MONDAY, Oct. 29 (HealthDay News) -- Children with migraine are significantly more likely to have poor performance at school, according to a study published in the Oct. 30 issue of Neurology.

Abstract (http://www.neurology.org/content/79/18/1881.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.neurology.org/content/79/18/1881.full )

Smoke-Free Laws Linked to Fewer Hospital Admissions

MONDAY, Oct. 29 (HealthDay News) -- Comprehensive smoke-free legislation is associated with decreases in hospital admissions for cardiovascular and respiratory disease, according to a meta-analysis published in the Oct. 30 issue of Circulation.

Abstract (http://circ.ahajournals.org/content/126/18/2177.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://circ.ahajournals.org/content/126/18/2177.full )

Buspirone Improves Symptoms in Functional Dyspepsia

MONDAY, Oct. 29 (HealthDay News) -- Buspirone, a 5-hydroxytryptamine 1A receptor agonist, improves symptom severity in patients with functional dyspepsia (FD), according to a proof-of-concept study published in the November issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology.

Abstract (http://www.cghjournal.org/article/S1542-3565(12)00802-6/abstract )Full Text (http://www.cghjournal.org/article/S1542-3565(12)00802-6/fulltext )

Burden of Gastrointestinal Disease in U.S. Substantial

MONDAY, Oct. 29 (HealthDay News) -- Gastrointestinal diseases account for substantial morbidity, mortality, and cost in the United States, according to research published in the November issue of Gastroenterology.

Abstract (http://www.gastrojournal.org/article/S0016-5085(12)01157-2/abstract )Full Text (http://www.gastrojournal.org/article/S0016-5085(12)01157-2/fulltext )

Pediatricians Key in Rural Emergency Medical Services

MONDAY, Oct. 29 (HealthDay News) -- In rural areas, pediatricians can play a key role in the development, implementation, and ongoing supervision of emergency medical services for children (EMSC), according to a policy statement from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) published online Oct. 29 in Pediatrics.

Abstract (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2012/10/24/peds.2012-2547.abstract )Full Text (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2012/10/24/peds.2012-2547.full.pdf+html )

Hypnosis Cuts Hot Flashes in Postmenopausal Women

MONDAY, Oct. 29 (HealthDay News) -- For postmenopausal women, clinical hypnosis is associated with significant reductions in self-reported and physiologically measured hot flashes, according to a study published online Oct. 22 in Menopause.

Abstract (http://journals.lww.com/menopausejournal/Abstract/publishahead/Clinical_hypnosis_in_the_treatment_of.98735.aspx )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://journals.lww.com/menopausejournal/Abstract/publishahead/Clinical_hypnosis_in_the_treatment_of.98735.aspx )

Quitting Before 40 Avoids Most Excess Smoking-Linked Mortality

MONDAY, Oct. 29 (HealthDay News) -- For U.K. women, the hazards of smoking and benefits of quitting are considerable, with women who quit before age 30 avoiding more than 97 percent of excess smoking-related mortality, according to a study published online Oct. 27 in The Lancet.

Abstract (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(12)61720-6/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(12)61720-6/fulltext )Editorial (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(12)61780-2/fulltext )

Old Order Amish Children More Active, Less Likely Overweight

MONDAY, Oct. 29 (HealthDay News) -- Old Order Amish (OOA) children are less likely to be overweight and are more physically active than other children, according to a study published online Oct. 23 in Diabetes Care.

Abstract (http://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/early/2012/10/18/dc12-0934.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/early/2012/10/18/dc12-0934.full.pdf+html )

More Intensive Chemo Ups Survival in Ewing Sarcoma

MONDAY, Oct. 29 (HealthDay News) -- More intensive chemotherapy (every two weeks versus every three weeks) improves event-free survival for patients with localized Ewing sarcoma, according to a study published online Oct. 22 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

Abstract (http://jco.ascopubs.org/content/early/2012/10/17/JCO.2011.41.5703.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://jco.ascopubs.org/content/early/2012/10/17/JCO.2011.41.5703.full.pdf+html )

Systematic Pain Management Needed for Children in ER

MONDAY, Oct. 29 (HealthDay News) -- Steps to manage pain and stress in pediatric emergency medical care are recommended, according to a clinical report from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) published online Oct. 29 in Pediatrics.

Abstract (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2012/10/24/peds.2012-2536.abstract )Full Text (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2012/10/24/peds.2012-2536.full.pdf+html )

Considerable Regional Variation for Brachytherapy

FRIDAY, Oct. 26 (HealthDay News) -- A considerable proportion of Medicare beneficiaries are treated with brachytherapy for breast cancer, with substantial regional variation, according to a study published online Oct. 22 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

Abstract (http://jco.ascopubs.org/content/early/2012/10/17/JCO.2012.43.5297.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://jco.ascopubs.org/content/early/2012/10/17/JCO.2012.43.5297.full.pdf+html )Editorial (http://jco.ascopubs.org/content/early/2012/10/17/JCO.2012.45.4660.full.pdf+html )

Brain Volume Rebounds Within Days of Alcohol Abstinence

FRIDAY, Oct. 26 (HealthDay News) -- Gray matter (GM) volume in the brains of alcohol-dependent patients begins to recover within days of alcohol abstinence, according to a study published online Oct. 16 in Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research.

Abstract (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1530-0277.2012.01853.x/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1530-0277.2012.01853.x/full )

High Reliability for Hypersexual Disorder Diagnostic Criteria

FRIDAY, Oct. 26 (HealthDay News) -- Proposed criteria for hypersexual disorder (HD) show high reliability and validity, according to results of a field trial conducted by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) Work Group on Sexual and Gender Identity Disorders, published online Oct. 4 in The Journal of Sexual Medicine.

Abstract (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1743-6109.2012.02936.x/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1743-6109.2012.02936.x/full )

Incidence of Recurrent Anal Sphincter Rupture ~7 Percent

FRIDAY, Oct. 26 (HealthDay News) -- The incidence of recurrent anal sphincter rupture (ASR) is 7.1 percent, and several risk factors are associated with an increased risk, including excessive birth weight, vacuum extraction, and shoulder dystocia, according to research published online Oct. 19 in BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology.

Abstract (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1471-0528.2012.03486.x/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1471-0528.2012.03486.x/full )

High Costs for Early Retirement Due to Spinal Disorders

FRIDAY, Oct. 26 (HealthDay News) -- Spinal disorders that trigger early retirement have a significant impact on labor force participation and the gross domestic product (GDP) in Australia, according to a study published online Oct. 22 in The Spine Journal.

Abstract (http://www.thespinejournalonline.com/article/S1529-9430(12)01111-4/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.thespinejournalonline.com/article/S1529-9430(12)01111-4/fulltext )

Prevalence, Risks for Sexual Dysfunction Vary by Veteran Age

FRIDAY, Oct. 26 (HealthDay News) -- For Iraq/Afghanistan veterans, the prevalence and risk factors for sexual dysfunction (SD) vary with age, according to a study published online Oct. 22 in The Journal of Sexual Medicine.

Abstract (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1743-6109.2012.02978.x/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1743-6109.2012.02978.x/full )

Independent Link for Child BMI, Adult Cardio Risk Questioned

FRIDAY, Oct. 26 (HealthDay News) -- Although the evidence for an association between childhood body mass index (BMI) and cardiovascular outcomes seems consistent, few studies examine this association independent of adult BMI, according to research published in the November issue of Obesity Reviews.

Abstract (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1467-789X.2012.01015.x/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1467-789X.2012.01015.x/full )

Insulin Sensitivity Normally Highest After Breakfast

FRIDAY, Oct. 26 (HealthDay News) -- In healthy people without diabetes, glucose responsiveness tends to be higher after breakfast, which may have implications for the design of closed-loop insulin delivery systems for diabetes patients, according to a study published in the November issue of Diabetes.

Abstract (http://diabetes.diabetesjournals.org/content/61/11/2691.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://diabetes.diabetesjournals.org/content/61/11/2691.full )

Differences in Sepsis Care Identified in Europe, U.S.

FRIDAY, Oct. 26 (HealthDay News) -- Despite differences in processes of care and raw mortality for patients with severe sepsis and septic shock in the United States and Europe, after adjustment, mortality rates are similar, according to a study published online Oct. 26 in The Lancet Infectious Diseases.

Abstract (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/laninf/article/PIIS1473-3099(12)70239-6/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/laninf/article/PIIS1473-3099(12)70239-6/fulltext )Editorial (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/laninf/article/PIIS1473-3099(12)70263-3/fulltext )

Surgery Center Influences Outcomes in Spinal Surgery

THURSDAY, Oct. 25 (HealthDay News) -- Choice of surgery center affects patient outcomes following surgery for lumbar stenosis and degenerative spondylolisthesis, according to research published online Oct. 17 in Spine.

Abstract (http://journals.lww.com/spinejournal/Abstract/publishahead/Outcome_Variation_Across_Centers_After_Surgery_for.98040.aspx )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://journals.lww.com/spinejournal/Abstract/publishahead/Outcome_Variation_Across_Centers_After_Surgery_for.98040.aspx )

Study Confirms Stroke Survivors Continuing to Smoke Fare Worse

THURSDAY, Oct. 25 (HealthDay News) -- Stroke patients who are current or ex-smokers are at greater risk of death or another stroke or heart attack than stroke patients who never smoked, though the risk in ex-smokers is smaller, according to a study published online Oct. 25 in Stroke.

Abstract (http://stroke.ahajournals.org/content/early/2012/10/25/STROKEAHA.112.668905.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://stroke.ahajournals.org/content/early/2012/10/25/STROKEAHA.112.668905.full.pdf+html )

Sleep Apnea Linked to Less Severe Injury During Acute MI

THURSDAY, Oct. 25 (HealthDay News) -- During an acute non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI), patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) have less severe cardiac injury, according to a study published in the October issue of Sleep and Breathing.

Abstract (http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11325-012-0770-7 )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11325-012-0770-7 )

Meta-Analysis: Antivirals Reduce Risk of Liver Cancer in Hep C

THURSDAY, Oct. 25 (HealthDay News) -- Antiviral treatment does significantly reduce the risk of developing liver cancer for patients with chronic hepatitis C infection, particularly in virological responders, according to a meta-analysis published online Oct. 22 in BMJ Open.

Abstract (http://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/2/5/e001313.abstract )Full Text (http://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/2/5/e001313.full )

Intestinal Bacteria Profile Altered in Pediatric Crohn's

THURSDAY, Oct. 25 (HealthDay News) -- Pediatric patients with Crohn's disease have altered levels of particular fecal bacterial species, some of which correlate with disease severity, according to a study published in the October issue of the Journal of Clinical Microbiology.

Abstract (http://jcm.asm.org/content/50/10/3258.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://jcm.asm.org/content/50/10/3258.full )

Negative Pigment Network Able to Distinguish Melanoma

THURSDAY, Oct. 25 (HealthDay News) -- Negative pigment network (NPN) can be used to distinguish melanoma from Spitz nevus and other benign lesions, according to a study published online Oct. 11 in the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology.

Abstract (http://www.jaad.org/article/S0190-9622(12)00865-1/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.jaad.org/article/S0190-9622(12)00865-1/fulltext )

Timing of Hormone Therapy Use Impacts Alzheimer's Risk

THURSDAY, Oct. 25 (HealthDay News) -- Use of hormone therapy (HT) within five years of menopause is associated with a reduction in the risk of Alzheimer's disease (AD), according to a study published online Oct. 24 in Neurology.

Abstract (http://www.neurology.org/content/early/2012/10/24/WNL.0b013e318271f823.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.neurology.org/content/early/2012/10/24/WNL.0b013e318271f823.full.pdf+html )Editorial (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.neurology.org/content/early/2012/10/24/WNL.0b013e318271f88f.extract )

Link Between Vitamin D, Mortality Not Impacted by eGFR

THURSDAY, Oct. 25 (HealthDay News) -- Adults with low levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) have increased mortality, regardless of the presence of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) of <60 ml/min/1.73 m², according to a study published online Oct. 24 in PLoS One.

Abstract (http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0047458#abstract0 )Full Text (http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0047458# )

Outpatient Urological Services Costs Up When Done in a Hospital

THURSDAY, Oct. 25 (HealthDay News) -- Outpatient urological procedures are performed at lower cost in ambulatory surgery centers and physician offices compared to hospitals, according to a study published online Oct. 24 in The Journal of Urology.

Abstract (http://www.jurology.com/article/S0022-5347(12)04488-6/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.jurology.com/article/S0022-5347(12)04488-6/fulltext )

Bystander CPR More Likely in High-Income White Neighborhoods

THURSDAY, Oct. 25 (HealthDay News) -- Bystanders are more likely to initiate cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) on patients who have a cardiac arrest in high-income white neighborhoods, according to a study published in the Oct. 25 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa1110700 )

Aspirin Improves Survival for CRC With PIK3CA Mutation

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 24 (HealthDay News) -- Among patients with colorectal cancer (CRC), regular use of aspirin after diagnosis is associated with longer survival for those with the mutated phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphonate 3-kinase, catalytic subunit alpha polypeptide gene (PIK3CA), according to a study published in the Oct. 25 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Terminal Cancer Patients May Have Erroneous Chemo Beliefs

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 24 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with stage IV metastatic cancer frequently do not understand that chemotherapy is unlikely to be curative, according to a study published in the Oct. 25 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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A-Fib Burden Similar With Ablation, Antiarrhythmic Meds

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 24 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation with no history of antiarrhythmic drug use, there is no significant difference in the cumulative burden of atrial fibrillation over two years between the treatment strategies of radiofrequency catheter ablation or antiarrhythmic agents, according to a study published in the Oct. 25 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Exercise Cuts Atrophy, White Matter Lesion Load in Elderly

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 24 (HealthDay News) -- In older adults, physical activity is associated with less brain atrophy and white matter lesion (WML) load, according to a study published in the Oct. 23 issue of Neurology.

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Risk of Suicide Ideation Up for Recently Victimized Teens

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 24 (HealthDay News) -- Adolescents exposed to recent victimization have an increased risk for suicide ideation, with a higher risk for those exposed to polyvictimization, according to a study published online Oct. 22 in the Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine.

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Better Prognosis for Early Blast Clearance in Leukemia

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 24 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with acute myeloid leukemia whose peripheral blood blasts clear in six days or less after chemotherapy have significantly better survival than patients whose peripheral blasts clear later, according to a study published in the Nov. 1 issue of Cancer.

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Decrease in CRC Resections Tied to Medicare-Covered Screening

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 24 (HealthDay News) -- The rates of resection for distal and proximal colorectal cancer (CRC) decreased from 1993 to 2009, with rates of proximal resection decreasing significantly from 2002, after implementation of Medicare payment for screening colonoscopy, according to a study published in the November issue of Gastroenterology.

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Worse Outcomes for Mother-Infant Pairs in Separate ICUs

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 24 (HealthDay News) -- Concurrent admission of a mother and her newborn to separate intensive care units (co-ICU) is associated with increased prevalence of mother-infant separation because of interfacility transfer, and with elevated mortality for both, according to a study published online Oct. 22 in CMAJ, the journal of the Canadian Medical Association.

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Safety, Efficacy of At-Home Laser for Periobital Wrinkles Studied

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 24 (HealthDay News) -- A handheld nonablative fractional laser is safe and seems effective for home use for treating periorbital wrinkles, according to a study published in the November issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology.

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Single Bout of Exercise Benefits Children With ADHD

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 24 (HealthDay News) -- A single bout of moderate intensity aerobic exercise may improve neurocognitive function and inhibitory control for children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), according to a study published online Oct. 19 in The Journal of Pediatrics.

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Family Obesity Approach Promising for Black Girls

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 24 (HealthDay News) -- Obesity interventions that include family involvement may be a promising approach for targeting African-American girls, but more research is required, according to the results of a systematic literature review published online Oct. 12 in Obesity Reviews.

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Hormonal Changes at Menopause Up Abdominal Obesity

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 24 (HealthDay News) -- The increase in total body fat and abdominal fat seen at menopause is due to the hormonal changes taking place, which can be improved by estrogen treatment, according to a study published in the October issue of Climacteric.

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Genuine Very Large Effects in Trials Rare in Medicine

TUESDAY, Oct. 23 (HealthDay News) -- Large treatment effects are most likely to be found in small studies, with the effect diminishing with additional trials, according to research published in the Oct. 24 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Better Outcomes for Ventilation With Lower Tidal Volumes

TUESDAY, Oct. 23 (HealthDay News) -- Protective ventilation with lower tidal volumes is associated with better clinical outcomes in patients without acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), according to a meta-analysis published in the Oct. 24 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Four Factors Account for Most of Risk Linked to PAD in Men

TUESDAY, Oct. 23 (HealthDay News) -- Smoking, hypertension, high cholesterol, and type 2 diabetes account for most of the risk for developing peripheral artery disease (PAD) among men, according to a study published in the Oct. 24 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Legume-Rich Diet Can Improve Glycemic Control in T2DM

TUESDAY, Oct. 23 (HealthDay News) -- For individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus, consumption of a low glycemic index (GI) diet incorporating legumes is associated with improved glycemic control and a reduction in the risk of coronary heart disease, according to a study published online Oct. 22 in the Archives of Internal Medicine.

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Guidelines Stretch Interval for Cervical Cancer Screening

TUESDAY, Oct. 23 (HealthDay News) -- Cervical cancer screening should be performed every three to five years, according to the new Clinical Management Guideline published in the November issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Antihypertensive Medication Use, BP Control Up in U.S.

TUESDAY, Oct. 23 (HealthDay News) -- Antihypertensive medication use and blood pressure control are increasing among U.S. adults, but racial disparities still exist, according to a study published in the Oct. 23 issue of Circulation.

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Genetic Predisposition to Diabetes Ups Risk of CVD

TUESDAY, Oct. 23 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D), having a genetic predisposition towards the disease is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), according to a study published online Oct. 15 in Diabetes Care.

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HRT Not Recommended for Prevention of Chronic Conditions

MONDAY, Oct. 22 (HealthDay News) -- The benefits of hormone replacement therapy to prevent chronic conditions in postmenopausal women do not outweigh the harms, according to a recommendation statement from the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) published online Oct. 23 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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TNF Inhibitor Use Doesn't Up Short-Term Cancer Incidence

MONDAY, Oct. 22 (HealthDay News) -- Treatment of chronic immune-mediated diseases with tumor necrosis factor (TNF) inhibitors does not result in any short-term increase in cancer incidence, compared with other commonly used therapies for these conditions, according to a study published online Oct. 10 in Arthritis & Rheumatism.

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Lower Extremity Pain Negatively Impacts Obese Children

MONDAY, Oct. 22 (HealthDay News) -- Obese children with lower extremity (LE) pain have worse physical function and poorer psychosocial health compared to those without LE pain, according to a study published online Oct. 12 in Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research.

Abstract (http://www.clinorthop.org/journal/11999/0/-1/2620_10.1007_s11999-012-2620-0/0/Lower_Extremity_Pain_Is_Associated_With_Reduced_Function_and_Psychosocial_Health_in_Obese_Children.html )Full Text (http://www.springerlink.com/content/92x12066347t633l/fulltext.html )

Obese Young Males Have Lower Testosterone Levels

MONDAY, Oct. 22 (HealthDay News) -- Obesity in young males is associated with low testosterone concentrations, according to a study published online Sept. 13 in Clinical Endocrinology.

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Parental Stress Linked to Obesity in Offspring

MONDAY, Oct. 22 (HealthDay News) -- The number of parent stressors is associated with child obesity, and parent-perceived stress impacts related behaviors, specifically fast-food consumption, according to a study published online Oct. 22 in Pediatrics.

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Metabolic Factors Impact Risk of Death From Prostate Cancer

MONDAY, Oct. 22 (HealthDay News) -- Metabolic factors are not associated with the risk of prostate cancer, but high levels are associated with increased risk of death from prostate cancer, according to research published online Oct. 22 in Cancer.

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Effects of Bariatric Surgery on Heart Function, Structure ID'd

MONDAY, Oct. 22 (HealthDay News) -- Bariatric surgery is associated with improvement or resolution of preexisting hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and diabetes in a majority of participants, as well as with improvements in left ventricular hypertrophy and diastolic function, according to research published online Oct. 17 in Heart.

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Anergia Prevalent in Acute Coronary Syndrome Patients

FRIDAY, Oct. 19 (HealthDay News) -- Anergia, or the lack of energy, is highly prevalent in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS), and correlates independently with several factors, including bodily pain and exercise participation, according to a study published in the Nov. 1 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.

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Increased Human Life Expectancy Relatively Recent

FRIDAY, Oct. 19 (HealthDay News) -- Most of the increase in human life expectancy has occurred in the last four generations, out of the roughly 8,000 generations that have ever lived, according to a study published online Oct. 15 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

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Prognostic Factors Identified for Intramedullary Tibial Nailing

FRIDAY, Oct. 19 (HealthDay News) -- Fracture and surgical factors have been identified for the prediction of adverse outcomes after intramedullary nailing of tibial shaft fractures, according to a study published in the Oct. 3 issue of The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery.

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Procedure Can Treat Stiff-Knee Gait in Spastic Cerebral Palsy

FRIDAY, Oct. 19 (HealthDay News) -- For individuals with spastic diplegic cerebral palsy and stiff-knee gait with decreased peak knee flexion in the swing phase, distal rectus femoris transfer (DRFT) produces significant and lasting improvements in peak knee flexion, according to research published in the Oct. 3 issue of The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery.

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Sedentary Time Linked to Increased Diabetes Risk

FRIDAY, Oct. 19 (HealthDay News) -- Greater sedentary time is associated with increased risk of diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and cardiovascular and all-cause mortality, with the most consistent associations seen for diabetes, according to a review and meta-analysis published in the November issue of Diabetologia.

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Common Liver Tests Can Predict Liver Cancer Risk

FRIDAY, Oct. 19 (HealthDay News) -- Common liver function tests, including measurement of alanine transaminase (ALT) and aspartate transaminase (AST) levels, can be used to reliably predict hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) risk in the general population with average or unknown risk, according to research published in the Oct. 17 issue of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

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Intracranial Tumors Can Be Resected Safely in Elderly

FRIDAY, Oct. 19 (HealthDay News) -- Elderly patients do not have poorer short-term outcomes after surgical resection of primary or metastatic intracranial tumors, after accounting for other risk factors, according to research published online Oct. 12 in Cancer.

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Social Outcomes Good for Most Pediatric Brain Tumor Survivors

FRIDAY, Oct. 19 (HealthDay News) -- While the majority of survivors of pediatric embryonal tumors display positive social outcomes several years after diagnosis and treatment, specific risk factors may affect social adjustment and behavior over the long term, according to research published online Oct. 15 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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Children With Autism Lack Language to Explain Behavior

FRIDAY, Oct. 19 (HealthDay News) -- Unlike typically developing children, children with autism do not use language areas of the brain to identify socially inappropriate behavior, according to a study published online Oct. 17 in PLoS One.

Abstract (http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0047241#abstract0 )Full Text (http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0047241 )

Higher Calcium Intake May Lower Risk of Hyperparathyroidism

FRIDAY, Oct. 19 (HealthDay News) -- Women consuming higher levels of calcium are at lower risk of primary hyperparathyroidism, according to a study published online Oct. 18 in BMJ.

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CDC: Unintentional Injury Greatest Childhood Killer in U.S.

THURSDAY, Oct. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Between 2000 and 2009, more than 115,000 young people in the United States lost their lives to unintentional injury, the leading cause of death among people 0 to 19 years of age in the United States, according to research published in the Oct. 19 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report.

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Treating Obstructive Sleep Apnea Tied to Lasting BP Drop

THURSDAY, Oct. 18 (HealthDay News) -- In men with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and preexisting systemic hypertension or type 2 diabetes, positive airway pressure (PAP) is associated with a significant and sustained reduction in both systolic and diastolic blood pressure (BP), according to research published in the Oct. 15 issue of the Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine.

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Exercise Stimulates Adiponectin, Raises HDL Levels

THURSDAY, Oct. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Intensive lifestyle intervention for weight loss (ILI) significantly improves high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels in overweight and obese individuals with type 2 diabetes, which is partially mediated by stimulation of adiponectin production, according to a study published online Sept. 5 in the Journal of Lipid Research.

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Linezolid Beneficial in Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis

THURSDAY, Oct. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Adding linezolid to ongoing background therapy for the treatment of extensively drug-resistant (XDR) pulmonary tuberculosis is effective in achieving culture conversion, but patients must be carefully monitored for adverse events, according to research published in the Oct. 18 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Stroke Risk Up With Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor Use

THURSDAY, Oct. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Exposure to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) is associated with an increased risk of intracerebral and intracranial hemorrhage, according to a study published online Oct. 17 in Neurology.

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Post-Bleed Hydrocephalus Risk Up in Low-Income Preemies

THURSDAY, Oct. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Preterm neonates born to low-income parents have a disproportionately high risk of developing posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus (PHH) that requires multiple surgeries and extensive follow-up, according to research published online Sept. 28 in Pediatric Neurosurgery.

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Alzheimer's Symptoms Relapse Risk High After Halting Drug

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 17 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with Alzheimer's disease and psychosis or agitation-aggression who initially respond to antipsychotic drugs are more likely to relapse if treatment is discontinued, according to a study published in the Oct. 18 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Surgery Linked to Cardiac Death in Cancer Patients

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 17 (HealthDay News) -- Cancer patients who undergo surgery are more than twice as likely to die from a cardiovascular cause within a month of surgery, according to a research letter published in the Oct. 18 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Video Identifies Cause of Falls Among Elderly in Care Facilities

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 17 (HealthDay News) -- Video evidence has identified the most frequent causes of falls and the activities that are most commonly associated with falling among the elderly in long-term care facilities, according to a study published online Oct. 17 in The Lancet.

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Women With RA Report Lower Sexual Function

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 17 (HealthDay News) -- Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) has negative effects on sexual function in women, with depressive symptoms and disease severity linked to the degree of sexual dysfunction, according to a study published in the October issue of The Journal of Sexual Medicine.

Abstract (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1743-6109.2012.02882.x/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) ( http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1743-6109.2012.02882.x/full )

Criteria Variable for Concussion Diagnosis in College Athletes

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 17 (HealthDay News) -- For college athletes, diagnosed concussions are associated with a specific contact event about two-thirds of the time, and diagnosis is often based on self-reported symptoms after a variable delay, according to a study published online Oct. 2 in the Journal of Neurosurgery.

Abstract (http://thejns.org/doi/full/10.3171/2012.8.JNS112298#abstract )Full Text (http://thejns.org/doi/full/10.3171/2012.8.JNS112298 )

Excess Mortality for Alcohol-Dependent, Especially Women

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 17 (HealthDay News) -- Alcohol-dependent adults, particularly women, have excess mortality, according to a study published online Oct. 16 in Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research.

Abstract (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1530-0277.2012.01863.x/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1530-0277.2012.01863.x/full )

Lipid Profiles Improved in Past Two Decades in United States

TUESDAY, Oct. 16 (HealthDay News) -- Since 1988, levels of cholesterol and related lipids have been moving in a favorable direction among adults in the United States, even among the obese and those not taking lipid-lowering drugs, according to a study published in the Oct. 17 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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High-Dose Vitamins Don't Halt HIV Progression, Death

TUESDAY, Oct. 16 (HealthDay News) -- High-dose vitamin supplementation does not reduce HIV disease progression or death among HIV patients initiating highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in Tanzania, according to a study published in the Oct. 17 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Chloride-Restriction Lowers Rates of Kidney Injury in ICU

TUESDAY, Oct. 16 (HealthDay News) -- A chloride-restrictive intravenous fluid strategy in the intensive care unit (ICU) is associated with significantly decreased incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI) and use of renal replacement therapy (RRT), according to a pilot study published in the Oct. 17 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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β-Amyloid Load Linked to Decline in Memory for Elderly

TUESDAY, Oct. 16 (HealthDay News) -- Elevated cerebral β-amyloid (Aβ) load is associated with greater decline in episodic and working memory for healthy and cognitively normal older adults over an 18-month period, with a larger effect than that seen for the APOE ε4 allele, according to research published in the Oct. 16 issue of Neurology.

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Electronic Health Records Improve Ambulatory Care

TUESDAY, Oct. 16 (HealthDay News) -- The use of electronic health records (EHRs) significantly improves the quality of ambulatory care in a community-based setting, according to a study published online Oct. 3 in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

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About 170 Million Healthy Life-Years Lost to Cancer Globally

TUESDAY, Oct. 16 (HealthDay News) -- The age-adjusted disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) lost from cancer are considerable, with 169.3 million years of healthy life lost globally in 2008, according to a study published online Oct. 16 in The Lancet.

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Case Series Suggest 'Mother's Kiss' Is Safe, Effective

TUESDAY, Oct. 16 (HealthDay News) -- A technique known as "mother's kiss" is safe and generally effective for removing foreign objects from children's noses, according to a review published online Oct. 15 in CMAJ, the journal of the Canadian Medical Association.

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Direct Link ID'd for Sleep Deprivation, Insulin Sensitivity

TUESDAY, Oct. 16 (HealthDay News) -- Even short-term sleep restriction results in an insulin-resistant state in adipocytes, according to research published in the Oct. 16 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Increased Substance Use Seen After Weight Loss Surgery

TUESDAY, Oct. 16 (HealthDay News) -- Patients who undergo weight loss surgery may have an increased risk for substance use after surgery, according to a study published online Oct. 15 in the Archives of Surgery.

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Recent Drop in Post-Discharge Mortality After Acute MI

TUESDAY, Oct. 16 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI), post-discharge mortality rates decreased from 2001 to 2007, according to a study published in the Oct. 15 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.

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Zonisamide 400 mg Enhances Weight Loss for Obese

MONDAY, Oct. 15 (HealthDay News) -- The antiepileptic drug zonisamide, at a dosage of 400 mg per day, is associated with enhanced weight loss for obese patients when combined with diet and lifestyle counseling, but the incidence of adverse events is high, according to a study published online Oct. 15 in the Archives of Internal Medicine.

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Patellofemoral Disease Features Analyzed in Osteoarthritis

MONDAY, Oct. 15 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with osteoarthritis (OA), knees affected by more severe patellofemoral (PF) disease have distinct features from those of patients with tibiofemoral (TF) OA in isolation or in combination with mild PF disease, according to a study published online Oct. 8 in Arthritis Care & Research.

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Fluoro-Less Ureteral Stent Placement Deemed Feasible

MONDAY, Oct. 15 (HealthDay News) -- The placement of ureteral stents following uncomplicated ureteroscopic stone removal, without fluoroscopy for image guidance, is feasible and has comparable accuracy and complication rates to that of conventional ureteral stent placement with fluoroscopy, according to research published online in the October issue of Urology.

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B-Vitamin Supplement Doesn't Lower Colorectal Cancer Risk

MONDAY, Oct. 15 (HealthDay News) -- A combination of folic acid and vitamins B6 and B12 supplementation does not reduce the risk of colorectal adenoma among high-risk women, according to a study published online Oct. 12 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

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Prognosis After Cystectomy Not Affected by Smoking

MONDAY, Oct. 15 (HealthDay News) -- Despite the link between cigarette smoking and the development of bladder cancer, the prognosis of people with bladder cancer after undergoing a cystectomy is not affected by cigarette smoking, according to research published online Oct. 8 in Urology.

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Cell Saver Not Cost-Effective in Single-Level Lumbar Surgery

MONDAY, Oct. 15 (HealthDay News) -- Use of intraoperative blood salvage (cell saver) is not cost-effective for adult patients undergoing single-level posterior lumbar decompression and fusion (PLDF) surgery, according to research published online Oct. 5 in Spine.

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Coffee Speeds Time to First Bowel Action Post Colectomy

MONDAY, Oct. 15 (HealthDay News) -- Following colectomy, coffee consumption is safe and correlates with a shorter time to first bowel movement, according to a study published in the November issue of the British Journal of Surgery.

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Even Modest Sleep Increase Improves Child Behavior

MONDAY, Oct. 15 (HealthDay News) -- For children aged 7 to 11 years, a moderate increase in sleep correlates with improvement in emotional regulation and alertness, while the opposite effects are observed with sleep restriction, according to a study published online Oct. 15 in Pediatrics.

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Fathers Independently Influence Teen Sexual Behavior

MONDAY, Oct. 15 (HealthDay News) -- In addition to mothers, fathers also have an independent influence on adolescent sexual behavior, according to research published online Oct. 15 in Pediatrics.

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HPV Vaccination Doesn't Up Poor Outcomes for Sexual Activity

MONDAY, Oct. 15 (HealthDay News) -- For girls, receipt of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination at the recommended ages (11 to 12 years) does not correlate with an increase in sexual activity-related outcomes, according to a study published online Oct. 15 in Pediatrics.

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Device Data Can ID Heart Failure Patients at Readmission Risk

MONDAY, Oct. 15 (HealthDay News) -- The use of device diagnostics to risk stratify patients during the first seven days after discharge can help identify patients at greatest risk of readmission for heart failure, according to research published online Oct. 4 in The American Journal of Cardiology.

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Filaggrin Mutations Up Risk of Irritant Contact Dermatitis

FRIDAY, Oct. 12 (HealthDay News) -- Both atopic dermatitis (AD) and loss-of-function mutations in the filaggrin gene (FLG) are independently associated with an increased risk of developing chronic irritant contact dermatitis (ICD), with people having both mutations at about a five-fold higher risk, according to research published online Oct. 5 in the British Journal of Dermatology.

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Tadalafil Effective, Safe in Complete Erectile Dysfunction

FRIDAY, Oct. 12 (HealthDay News) -- In men with complete erectile dysfunction (ED), tadalafil 2.5 and 5 mg once-daily result an in intercourse success rate of 32.4 and 46.4 percent, respectively, according to research published online Oct. 4 in The Journal of Sexual Medicine.

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Methotrexate Use Linked to Reduced Mortality in RA

FRIDAY, Oct. 12 (HealthDay News) -- Use of methotrexate for one year or more is associated with a reduction in the risk of mortality for patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), according to a study published online Oct. 8 in Arthritis & Rheumatism.

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Seniors Overspending on Prescription Drug Plans

FRIDAY, Oct. 12 (HealthDay News) -- Recipients of Medicare Part D benefits have difficulty selecting the most cost-effective plan to cover their medication needs and, consequently, overpay by an average of $368 per year, with one-fifth overspending by $500 or more per year, according to research published in the October issue of Health Affairs.

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Cardiovascular IED Infections Have Distinct Features, Outcomes

FRIDAY, Oct. 12 (HealthDay News) -- Cardiovascular implantable electronic device (CIED) infections caused by Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) and coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS) have distinct clinical features and outcomes, according to research published in the Oct. 15 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.

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Leflunomide Considered Safe, Effective for Psoriatic Arthritis

FRIDAY, Oct. 12 (HealthDay News) -- Leflunomide is effective for the treatment of patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA) in daily clinical practice, according to a study published online Oct. 6 in Arthritis Care & Research.

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Patient Navigation Speeds Breast Cancer Diagnosis

FRIDAY, Oct. 12 (HealthDay News) -- Patient navigation -- a service that helps patients navigate the health care system, including setting up appointments, dealing with health insurance, and coping with fears about cancer -- leads to quicker breast cancer diagnosis, especially for women requiring biopsy, according to a study published in the October issue of Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention.

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Gastro Illness in Infancy Linked to Islet Autoimmunity

FRIDAY, Oct. 12 (HealthDay News) -- Gastrointestinal illnesses are associated with increased risk of islet autoimmunity (IA) among children who are exposed to wheat or barley either early or late in infancy, according to a study published online Oct. 5 in Diabetes Care.

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Diabetes Independently Predicts Severe Osteoarthritis

FRIDAY, Oct. 12 (HealthDay News) -- Type 2 diabetes is independently associated with increased risk of severe osteoarthritis, and independently predicts arthroplasty, according to a study published online Sept. 21 in Diabetes Care.

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PCI Linked to Increased Platelet Reactivity

FRIDAY, Oct. 12 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with coronary artery disease who receive percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) have increased platelet reactivity after the procedure despite antiplatelet therapy, according to a study published online Oct. 5 in the Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis.

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Gene Variant in Donors Affects Kidney Graft Survival

FRIDAY, Oct. 12 (HealthDay News) -- A single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the donor ABCB1 gene, known to alter protein expression, significantly increases the risk of long-term graft failure, according to a study published online Oct. 11 in the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

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Decline in Pulmonary Function Leads to Cognitive Decline

THURSDAY, Oct. 11 (HealthDay News) -- For older adults, decreases in pulmonary function lead to subsequent declines in cognitive function, according to a study published in the September issue of Psychological Science.

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Add-On Therapy Doesn't Improve Weight Watchers' Results

THURSDAY, Oct. 11 (HealthDay News) -- The addition of behavioral weight loss (BWL) treatment to the commercial Weight Watchers (WW) weight-loss program does not improve weight loss outcomes, according to a study published online Oct. 8 in Obesity.

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Use of More Costly Diabetes Medications Varies Widely

THURSDAY, Oct. 11 (HealthDay News) -- Even within an integrated Veterans Affairs (VA) system with a uniform national formulary and established criteria for drug use, there is substantial variation in the use of thiazolidinediones and long-acting insulin analogues among veterans with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), according to a research letter published online Oct. 8 in the Archives of Internal Medicine.

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Social Media Influences Youth Sexual Behavior in Short Term

THURSDAY, Oct. 11 (HealthDay News) -- Social media can be an efficacious vehicle for delivering messages regarding the prevention of sexually transmitted infections (STIs), according to a study published online Oct. 9 in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

Full Text (http://www.ajpmonline.org/webfiles/images/journals/amepre/AMEPRE_3533[3]-stamped.pdf )Editorial (http://www.ajpmonline.org/webfiles/images/journals/amepre/AMEPRE_3559-stamped.pdf )

HIV Diagnosis in Hispanics or Latinos Varies Geographically

THURSDAY, Oct. 11 (HealthDay News) -- The distribution of new diagnoses of HIV among Hispanics or Latinos in the United States and Puerto Rico varies by region, as do characteristics of those infected, according to research published in the Oct. 12 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report.

Full Text (http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm6140a2.htm?s_cid=mm6140a2_w )

Prior Alcohol Consumption Does Not Impair HCV Treatment

THURSDAY, Oct. 11 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) treated with pegylated interferon-alpha and ribavirin (P/R), drinking patterns and the amount of alcohol consumed before treatment do not impact treatment success, according to a study published in the October issue of Hepatology.

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Study Confirms Link Between Analgesic Use, Ovarian Cancer

THURSDAY, Oct. 11 (HealthDay News) -- Use of any analgesic or aspirin correlates with a reduced risk of ovarian cancer, with the reduction significant only for use of any analgesic and serous ovarian cancer, according to a case-control study published in the September issue of ACTA Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica.

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HIV Status Doesn't Influence Hodgkin's Lymphoma Outcome

THURSDAY, Oct. 11 (HealthDay News) -- Despite more extensive disease and more adverse prognostic factors, HIV-positive patients with Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) do not have worse outcomes when treated with doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine (ABVD), according to research published online Oct. 8 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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New Image Analysis Technique Improves COPD Diagnosis

THURSDAY, Oct. 11 (HealthDay News) -- A new voxel-wise image analysis technique, parametric response map (PRM), can be used to diagnose chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) phenotype and provide information about the extent and location of disease and its progression, according to research published online Oct. 7 in Nature Medicine.

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Impact of Negative News on Stress Reactivity Explored

THURSDAY, Oct. 11 (HealthDay News) -- Negative news appears to have an impact on stress reactivity and memory in women, more so than in men, according to a study published online Oct. 10 in PLoS One.

Abstract (http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0047189#abstract0 )Full Text (http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0047189 )

Interventions Helpful for Breast Cancer-Induced Menopause

THURSDAY, Oct. 11 (HealthDay News) -- Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and physical exercise improve endocrine and urinary symptoms as well as physical functioning in patients with breast cancer treatment-induced menopause, according to research published online Oct. 8 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

Abstract (http://jco.ascopubs.org/content/early/2012/10/03/JCO.2012.41.8525.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://jco.ascopubs.org/content/early/2012/10/03/JCO.2012.41.8525.full.pdf+html )Editorial (http://jco.ascopubs.org/content/early/2012/10/03/JCO.2012.44.9652.full.pdf )

Collaborative Infection Control Benefits All Regional Hospitals

THURSDAY, Oct. 11 (HealthDay News) -- Collaborative infection control efforts to reduce the prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and other organisms are likely to obtain better results than hospitals acting alone, according to research published in the October issue of Health Affairs.

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Exercise Intensity Affects Risk of Metabolic Syndrome

THURSDAY, Oct. 11 (HealthDay News) -- Leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) correlates with a reduction in the risk of metabolic syndrome (MetS), with the intensity of exercise, rather than the volume, impacting the risk, according to a study published online Oct. 8 in BMJ Open.

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CMS Nonpayment Policy Has Not Reduced Infections

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 10 (HealthDay News) -- Implementation of the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) policy to reduce payment for preventable hospital-acquired conditions in October 2008 has not impacted infection rates in U.S. hospitals, according to a study published in the Oct. 11 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

Abstract (http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMsa1202419?query=featured_home )Full Text (http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMsa1202419?query=featured_home#t=article )

New Cervical Cancer Vaccine Targets HPV-Infected Women

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 10 (HealthDay News) -- A new candidate vaccine designed to prevent cervical dysplasia and cancer in women already infected with human papillomavirus (HPV) serotypes 16 and 18 is well tolerated and induces a robust immune response, according to a phase 1 study published in the Oct. 10 issue of Science Translational Medicine.

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Biomarker Can Help Identify Pleural Mesothelioma

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 10 (HealthDay News) -- Fibulin-3 levels in plasma and lung fluids can discriminate patients with mesothelioma from others with asbestos exposure or those whose lung effusions are unrelated to mesothelioma, according to a study published in the Oct. 11 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Increasing Stroke Incidence Noted at Younger Age

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 10 (HealthDay News) -- Stroke incidence seems to be increasing in younger age groups, with the trend seen in both black and white patients, according to a study published online Oct. 8 in Neurology.

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Study Supports Costoplasty for Rib Hump Deformity Correction

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 10 (HealthDay News) -- In the treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, the addition of costoplasty to pedicle screws and vertebral derotation may significantly improve correction of the rib hump deformity compared with pedicle screws and vertebral derotation alone, according to research published online Sept. 28 in the Journal of Spinal Disorders & Techniques.

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Relocation Offers Mental Health Benefit for Some Teen Girls

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 10 (HealthDay News) -- Adolescent boys and boys and girls with health-related vulnerabilities who move from high-poverty public housing arrangements to low-poverty private apartments do not experience mental health benefits, although some girls without health vulnerabilities do benefit, according to research published online Oct. 8 in the Archives of General Psychiatry.

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Long-Term Ranibizumab Beneficial for Macular Edema

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 10 (HealthDay News) -- Long-term aggressive treatment of patients with macular edema with ranibizumab during a third year correlates with reduced mean foveal thickness (FTH) and improved best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), according to research published online Oct. 8 in the Archives of Ophthalmology.

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Hormone Replacement Therapy Initiated Early Deemed Safe

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 10 (HealthDay News) -- For women who receive hormone replacement therapy soon after menopause, long-term cardiovascular outcomes are good, with no increase in the risk of any cancer, according to a study published online Oct. 9 in BMJ.

Full Text (http://www.bmj.com/content/345/bmj.e6409 )

Review Compares Effectiveness of Tocolytic Agents

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 10 (HealthDay News) -- The most effective tocolytic agents for delaying delivery and improving neonatal and maternal outcomes are prostaglandin inhibitors and calcium channel blockers, according to a meta-analysis published online Oct. 9 in BMJ.

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Cannabis Relieves Muscle Stiffness in Multiple Sclerosis

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 10 (HealthDay News) -- Cannabis extract (CE) is effective at treating muscle stiffness in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), according to a study published online July 12 in the Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry.

Abstract (http://jnnp.bmj.com/content/83/11/1125.abstract )Full Text (http://jnnp.bmj.com/content/83/11/1125.full )

Diverse Forms of Distress Have Distinct Impact in Diabetes

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 10 (HealthDay News) -- In primary care patients with type 2 diabetes, depressive symptoms (DS) are predictive of future lifestyle-oriented self-management behaviors, while diabetes-related distress (DRD) predicts glycemic control, possibly due to medication adherence, according to research published online Oct. 1 in Diabetes Care.

Abstract (http://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/early/2012/09/26/dc12-0181.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/early/2012/09/26/dc12-0181.full.pdf+html )

Belimumab Deemed Safe for Long-Term Treatment of Lupus

TUESDAY, Oct. 9 (HealthDay News) -- Belimumab is safe for long-term administration in the treatment of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), according to a study published in the October issue of Arthritis & Rheumatism.

Abstract (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/art.34564/abstract )Full Text (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/art.34564/full )

HIV Mortality Decreasing, but Disparities Persist

TUESDAY, Oct. 9 (HealthDay News) -- HIV death rates decreased from 1993-1995 to 2005-2007, but socioeconomic disparities are increasing, according to a study published online Oct. 8 in the Archives of Internal Medicine.

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PCI Used Less in States With Public Reporting of Outcomes

TUESDAY, Oct. 9 (HealthDay News) -- The use of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is significantly lower in states with public reporting of outcomes compared to states without public reporting, although there are no differences in overall mortality, according to a study published in the Oct. 10 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Physical Activity Moderately Ups Bleed Risk in Hemophilia

TUESDAY, Oct. 9 (HealthDay News) -- There is a moderate but significant transient increased risk in bleeding following vigorous physical activity in children and adolescent boys with hemophilia, according to a study published in the Oct. 10 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Proneurotensin Linked to Increased Disease, Death Risk

TUESDAY, Oct. 9 (HealthDay News) -- Plasma levels of proneurotensin are associated with the future development of diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and cardiovascular and total mortality, as well as breast cancer in women, according to a study published in the Oct. 10 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Mathematical Model Can Help Predict Chances of Conception

TUESDAY, Oct. 9 (HealthDay News) -- A new mathematical model can help predict the chances that a couple will conceive based on how many months they have been trying to conceive, according to a study published online Oct. 4 in PLoS One.

Abstract (http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0046544#abstract0 )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0046544 )

Low-Dose Aspirin Use Shows Neuroprotective Effect in Women

TUESDAY, Oct. 9 (HealthDay News) -- Daily low-dose aspirin treatment may reduce global cognitive decline in older women at high risk for cardiovascular disease, according to a study published online Oct. 3 in BMJ Open.

Abstract (http://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/2/5/e001288.abstract )Full Text (http://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/2/5/e001288.full )

Retinal Hemorrhage Pattern Can Predict Inflicted Brain Injury

TUESDAY, Oct. 9 (HealthDay News) -- In children under the age of 3, a high dot-blot count for retinal hemorrhages (RHs) is a strong predictor of inflicted traumatic brain injury (ITBI) rather than accidental traumatic brain injury (ATBI), according to research published online Oct. 8 in Pediatrics.

Abstract (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2012/10/02/peds.2011-3274.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2012/10/02/peds.2011-3274.full.pdf+html )

Unsuspected PE Seldom Linked to Death in Cancer Patients

TUESDAY, Oct. 9 (HealthDay News) -- Unsuspected pulmonary embolism (UPE) is not associated with an increased risk of death in cancer patients when compared to patients without pulmonary embolism (PE), according to research published in the October issue of the Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis.

Abstract (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1538-7836.2012.04868.x/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1538-7836.2012.04868.x/full )

Large Review Confirms Melanoma Risk Up in Immunosuppressed

TUESDAY, Oct. 9 (HealthDay News) -- Immunosuppressed patients, particularly solid-organ transplant recipients and lymphoma patients, have about a two-fold or higher risk of developing melanoma, according to research published in the October issue of the Mayo Clinic Proceedings.

Abstract (http://www.mayoclinicproceedings.org/article/S0025-6196(12)00730-6/abstract )Full Text (http://www.mayoclinicproceedings.org/article/S0025-6196(12)00730-6/fulltext )

Serum Lycopene Inversely Linked to Risk of Stroke in Men

MONDAY, Oct. 8 (HealthDay News) -- High serum concentrations of lycopene correlate with a significantly reduced risk of stroke in men, according to a study published in the Oct. 9 issue of Neurology.

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Prompt Kyphoplasty Not Crucial for Osteoporotic Vertebral Fx

MONDAY, Oct. 8 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs), kyphoplasty can be successfully performed following failure of a three-week trial with conventional treatment, with both treatments resulting in similar outcomes at one year, according to a study published online Oct. 1 in The Spine Journal.

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Prenatal Psychotropic Meds Affect Infant Language

MONDAY, Oct. 8 (HealthDay News) -- Maternal mood and exposure to serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SRIs) in pregnancy affect development of the infant speech perception system, according to a study published online Oct. 8 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Abstract (http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2012/10/04/1121263109.abstract )Full Text (http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2012/10/04/1121263109.full.pdf+html )

ADHD Risk Increased With Maternal Mercury Exposure

MONDAY, Oct. 8 (HealthDay News) -- The risk of developing attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is higher with low-level prenatal mercury exposure, but lower with maternal fish consumption during pregnancy, according to a study published online Oct. 8 in the Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine.

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Neonatal Outcomes Unaffected by Transfused Blood Cell Age

MONDAY, Oct. 8 (HealthDay News) -- Premature, very-low-birth-weight infants requiring a blood transfusion do equally well if they receive fresh red blood cells (RBCs) or standard blood bank RBCs, according to a study published online Oct. 8 in the Journal of the American Medical Association to coincide with presentation at the annual meeting of AABB (formerly the American Association of Blood Banks), held from Oct. 6 to 9 in Boston.

Abstract (http://jama.jamanetwork.com/journal.aspx )Full Text (http://jama.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=1377715#Abstract )More Information (http://www.aabb.org/events/annualmeeting/Pages/default.aspx )

Heavy Coffee Consumption Ups Exfoliation Glaucoma Risk

MONDAY, Oct. 8 (HealthDay News) -- There is a positive association between heavy coffee consumption and risk of exfoliation glaucoma or exfoliation glaucoma suspect (EG/EGS), according to a study published in the September issue of Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science.

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Pre-Op Factors Predict Post-Gastric Op Glycemic Response

MONDAY, Oct. 8 (HealthDay News) -- The glycemic response to gastric bypass surgery can be predicted in Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes by three preoperative factors, according to a study published online Oct. 1 in Diabetes Care.

Abstract (http://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/early/2012/09/26/dc12-0779.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/early/2012/09/26/dc12-0779.full.pdf+html )

Terminally Ill Young Adults ID Items Important to Their Care

MONDAY, Oct. 8 (HealthDay News) -- Adolescents and young adults (AYAs) with life-threatening illness want to be able to choose and record specific information for their end-of-life care, according to a study published online Oct. 8 in Pediatrics.

Abstract (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2012/10/02/peds.2012-0663.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2012/10/02/peds.2012-0663.full.pdf+html )

CT Use Up for Children With Abdominal Pain Seen in ER

MONDAY, Oct. 8 (HealthDay News) -- For children presenting to the emergency department with abdominal pain, there was a dramatic increase in computed tomography (CT) use from 1998 to 2008, according to a study published online Oct. 8 in Pediatrics.

Abstract (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2012/10/02/peds.2012-0739.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2012/10/02/peds.2012-0739.full.pdf+html )

Nearly Half of Children With Autism Wander

MONDAY, Oct. 8 (HealthDay News) -- Nearly half of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) wander away, with considerable numbers of them facing physical danger, according to a study published online Oct. 8 in Pediatrics.

Abstract (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2012/10/02/peds.2012-0762.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2012/10/02/peds.2012-0762.full.pdf+html )

Gene Variant Linked to Uterine Fibroid Risk

MONDAY, Oct. 8 (HealthDay News) -- A variant of a gene involved in fatty acid synthesis that is often overproduced in cancers is associated with a higher risk of developing uterine fibroids, according to research published in the Oct. 5 issue of the American Journal of Human Genetics.

Abstract (http://www.cell.com/AJHG/abstract/S0002-9297%2812%2900421-1 )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0002929712004211 )

Low Vitamin D Linked to Mortality in Black, White Elderly

MONDAY, Oct. 8 (HealthDay News) -- Low levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) and high levels of parathyroid hormone (PTH) are associated with increased mortality in older black and white adults, according to a study published online Aug. 31 in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

Abstract (http://jcem.endojournals.org/content/early/2012/08/30/jc.2012-1551.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://jcem.endojournals.org/content/early/2012/08/30/jc.2012-1551.full.pdf+html )

Free Birth Control Substantially Lowers Abortion Rate

MONDAY, Oct. 8 (HealthDay News) -- Providing no-cost birth control, including long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARCs) such as intrauterine devices or implants, substantially reduces abortion rates and teenage pregnancies compared with the national rate, according to research published online Oct. 3 in Obstetrics & Gynecology.

Abstract (http://journals.lww.com/greenjournal/Abstract/publishahead/Preventing_Unintended_Pregnancies_by_Providing.99945.aspx )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://journals.lww.com/greenjournal/Abstract/publishahead/Preventing_Unintended_Pregnancies_by_Providing.99945.aspx )

Anal Cancer Increase Linked to HIV Infection Only in Men

FRIDAY, Oct. 5 (HealthDay News) -- The rising incidence of anal cancer since 1980 in the United States is strongly impacted by HIV infection in men but not women, according to a study published online Oct. 5 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

Abstract (http://jnci.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2012/10/03/jnci.djs371.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://jnci.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2012/10/03/jnci.djs371.full )

Dysphagia Not Tied to Post-Anterior Cervical Op Swelling

FRIDAY, Oct. 5 (HealthDay News) -- Although significant soft-tissue swelling can occur after anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) procedures, the width of the prevertebral soft-tissue swelling on radiographic analysis does not correlate with the severity of postoperative dysphagia, according to research published in the August issue of The Spine Journal.

Abstract (http://www.thespinejournalonline.com/article/S1529-9430(12)00265-3/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.thespinejournalonline.com/article/S1529-9430(12)00265-3/fulltext )

Potential New Colorectal Cancer Treatment Target Identified

FRIDAY, Oct. 5 (HealthDay News) -- The cell surface marker carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule 6 (CD66c) is a novel marker for colorectal cancer stem cell isolation, which halts tumor growth when silenced, according to research published online Oct. 1 in Cancer.

Abstract (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/cncr.27794/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/cncr.27794/full )

Bisphenol A Linked to Thyroid Changes During Pregnancy

FRIDAY, Oct. 5 (HealthDay News) -- Maternal exposure to bisphenol A (BPA) during pregnancy is related to reduced free thyroxine (T4) in the mother and lower thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) in male neonates, according to research published online Oct. 4 in Environmental Health Perspectives.

Abstract (http://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/2012/10/ehp-1205092/ )Full Text (http://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/wp-content/uploads/2012/10/ehp.1205092.pdf )

Deployment Affects Mental Health of Relief Workers

FRIDAY, Oct. 5 (HealthDay News) -- Humanitarian relief workers have increased levels of anxiety and depression after being deployed, according to a study published online Sept. 12 in PLoS One.

Abstract (http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0044948#abstract0 )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0044948 )

More Active Lifestyle Could Cut Risk of Chronic Kidney Disease

FRIDAY, Oct. 5 (HealthDay News) -- More physical activity and less time sitting are associated with a reduced risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD), independent of other risk factors, according to research published in the October issue of the American Journal of Kidney Disease.

Abstract (http://www.ajkd.org/article/S0272-6386(12)00762-7/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.ajkd.org/article/S0272-6386(12)00762-7/fulltext )

Wide Variation in Screening for Multidrug Organisms in ICUs

FRIDAY, Oct. 5 (HealthDay News) -- The adoption of multidrug resistant organism (MDRO) screening and infection control interventions in intensive care units (ICUs) varies widely, according to a study published in the October issue of the American Journal of Infection Control.

Abstract (http://www.ajicjournal.org/article/S0196-6553(12)00768-7/abstract )Full Text (http://www.ajicjournal.org/article/S0196-6553(12)00768-7/fulltext )

Public Response to H1N1 Flu Varies Between Countries

FRIDAY, Oct. 5 (HealthDay News) -- There are considerable differences in the adoption of preventive behaviors in response to the 2009 H1N1 influenza pandemic between countries, although adoption of these behaviors does not impact the likelihood of getting vaccinated, according to a study published online Oct. 5 in The Lancet Infectious Diseases.

Abstract (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/laninf/article/PIIS1473-3099(12)70206-2/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/laninf/article/PIIS1473-3099(12)70206-2/fulltext )Editorial (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/laninf/article/PIIS1473-3099(12)70244-X/fulltext )

HCV Treatment in Prison Could Be Key Public Health Measure

FRIDAY, Oct. 5 (HealthDay News) -- Incarcerated patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection are as likely to be treated and to achieve a sustained viral response (SVR) as non-incarcerated patients, according to research published in the October issue of Hepatology.

Abstract (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/hep.25770/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/hep.25770/full )

Inadequate Education ID'd As Barrier to Home Hemodialysis

FRIDAY, Oct. 5 (HealthDay News) -- Barriers to implementation of successful home hemodialysis include lack of patient and physician education, according to a study published online Oct. 4 in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

Abstract (http://cjasn.asnjournals.org/content/early/2012/10/03/CJN.07080712.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://cjasn.asnjournals.org/content/early/2012/10/03/CJN.07080712.full )

Thin-Ideal Internalization Influenced by Genetic Factors

FRIDAY, Oct. 5 (HealthDay News) -- Thin-ideal internalization is significantly influenced by genetic and non-shared environmental factors, according to a study published online Oct. 3 in the International Journal of Eating Disorders.

Abstract (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/eat.22056/abstract )Full Text (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/eat.22056/full )

Larger Study Confirms Statins' Role in Preventing Cardiac Events

FRIDAY, Oct. 5 (HealthDay News) -- A large and unselected community-based study has confirmed the results of randomized controlled trials that have found persistent statin use to be beneficial for the primary prevention of acute cardiac events; the study was published online Sept. 27 in The American Journal of Cardiology.

Abstract (http://www.ajconline.org/article/S0002-9149(12)01940-6/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.ajconline.org/article/S0002-9149(12)01940-6/fulltext )

Variety of Techniques Effective for Treating Spinal Synovial Cysts

THURSDAY, Oct. 4 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with spinal synovial cysts, the majority who undergo surgery have excellent or good outcomes, according to a study published online Sept. 6 in the Journal of Spinal Disorders & Techniques.

Abstract (http://journals.lww.com/jspinaldisorders/Abstract/publishahead/Surgical_Management_of_Spinal_Synovial_Cysts__A.99585.aspx )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://journals.lww.com/pages/login.aspx?ContextUrl=%2fjspinaldisorders%2fsecure%2fpages%2fpurchase.aspx%3fan%3d00024720-900000000-99585 )

Predictors of Breast Cancer Locoregional Recurrence ID'd

THURSDAY, Oct. 4 (HealthDay News) -- In breast cancer patients treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NC), independent predictors of locoregional recurrence (LRR) can be used to identify LRR risk, according to research published online Oct. 1 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

Abstract (http://jco.ascopubs.org/content/early/2012/10/01/JCO.2011.40.8369.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://jco.ascopubs.org/content/early/2012/10/01/JCO.2011.40.8369.full.pdf+html )Editorial (http://jco.ascopubs.org/content/early/2012/10/01/JCO.2012.44.4539.full.pdf )

Sexual Abuse May Affect Cervical Cancer Screening Rates

THURSDAY, Oct. 4 (HealthDay News) -- Women who have experienced sexual abuse as children or young adults are less likely to attend regular cervical cancer screenings, according to research published online in the October issue of the Journal of Family Planning & Reproductive Health Care.

Abstract (http://jfprhc.bmj.com/content/38/4/214.abstract )Full Text (http://jfprhc.bmj.com/content/38/4/214.full )Editorial (http://jfprhc.bmj.com/content/38/4/212.full )

Positive Predictive Value of Treadmill Test Varies in Women

THURSDAY, Oct. 4 (HealthDay News) -- The positive predictive value (PPV) of the exercise treadmill test (ETT) for coronary artery disease (CAD) in women is altered significantly by age and certain exercise responses, according to a study published online Sept. 26 in The American Journal of Cardiology.

Abstract (http://www.ajconline.org/article/S0002-9149(12)01848-6/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.ajconline.org/article/S0002-9149(12)01848-6/fulltext )

Increased Weight Cuts Death Risk in Rheumatoid Arthritis

THURSDAY, Oct. 4 (HealthDay News) -- Being overweight or obese reduces the risk of all-cause mortality in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients, according to a study published in the October issue of Arthritis Care & Research.

Abstract (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/acr.21627/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/acr.21627/full )

Two-Day Test Can Improve Molecular Diagnosis in Newborns

THURSDAY, Oct. 4 (HealthDay News) -- A new test that combines whole-genome sequencing with bioinformatics can potentially identify genetic diseases in newborns in the neonatal intensive care unit in about two days, according to a study published in the Oct. 3 issue of Science Translational Medicine.

Abstract (http://stm.sciencemag.org/content/4/154/154ra135 )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://stm.sciencemag.org/content/4/154/154ra135.full )

Screening for Type 2 Diabetes Not Linked to Drop in Mortality

THURSDAY, Oct. 4 (HealthDay News) -- For middle-aged adults at high risk of type 2 diabetes, invitation to screening is not associated with a decrease in mortality, according to a study published online Oct. 4 in The Lancet.

Abstract (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(12)61422-6/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(12)61422-6/fulltext )Editorial (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(12)61682-1/fulltext )

EHRs Linked to Improved Care, Outcomes in Diabetes

THURSDAY, Oct. 4 (HealthDay News) -- Use of outpatient electronic health records (EHRs) is associated with improved clinical care and outcomes in patients with diabetes, according to a study published in the Oct. 2 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Lower-Extremity Amputations in Diabetes Down in Scotland

THURSDAY, Oct. 4 (HealthDay News) -- In Scotland, from 2004 to 2008, the incidence of all lower-extremity amputations (LEAs) due to diabetes was significantly reduced by about 30 percent, and the rate of major LEAs was reduced by about 40 percent, according to a study published online Sept. 25 in Diabetes Care.

Abstract (http://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/early/2012/09/20/dc12-0511.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/early/2012/09/20/dc12-0511.full.pdf+html )

BMI and Lean Body Mass Decline After Allogeneic HSCT

THURSDAY, Oct. 4 (HealthDay News) -- In survivors of childhood hematologic malignancies who have received allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (alloHSCT), body mass index (BMI) decreases significantly, mainly due to a reduction in lean, not fat, body mass, according to research published online Oct. 1 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

Abstract (http://jco.ascopubs.org/content/early/2012/10/01/JCO.2011.40.0457.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://jco.ascopubs.org/content/early/2012/10/01/JCO.2011.40.0457.full.pdf+html )

Risk Factors for Tracheostomy in Spinal Cord Injury Identified

THURSDAY, Oct. 4 (HealthDay News) -- Patient age, severe neurological impairment, and forced vital capacity (FVC) are useful for predicting the need for tracheostomy in the management of patients with cervical spinal cord injury (CSCI) in the acute care setting, according to research published online Sept. 19 in Spine.

Abstract (http://journals.lww.com/spinejournal/Abstract/publishahead/Analysis_of_the_Risk_Factors_for_Tracheostomy_in.98079.aspx )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://journals.lww.com/pages/login.aspx?ContextUrl=%2fspinejournal%2fsecure%2fpages%2fpurchase.aspx%3fan%3d00007632-900000000-98079 )

Lower Glaucoma Risk for Statin Users With Hyperlipidemia

THURSDAY, Oct. 4 (HealthDay News) -- For individuals with hyperlipidemia, statin use is associated with significant reductions in the risk of open-angle glaucoma (OAG), according to research published in the October issue of Ophthalmology.

Abstract (http://www.aaojournal.org/article/S0161-6420(12)00401-0/abstract )Full Text (http://www.aaojournal.org/article/S0161-6420(12)00401-0/fulltext )

Moderate Drinking Ups A-Fib Risk in Adults at Risk for CVD

THURSDAY, Oct. 4 (HealthDay News) -- In older people with heart disease or advanced diabetes with organ damage, moderate alcohol consumption increases the risk of atrial fibrillation, according to research published online Oct. 1 in CMAJ, the journal of the Canadian Medical Association.

Abstract (http://www.cmaj.ca/content/early/2012/10/01/cmaj.120412 )Full Text (http://www.cmaj.ca/content/early/2012/10/01/cmaj.120412.full.pdf+html )

Hypertension in Pregnancy May Affect Offspring's Cognition

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 3 (HealthDay News) -- Men born of mothers who were hypertensive in pregnancy have lower cognitive abilities and greater cognitive decline in old age, according to a study published online Oct. 3 in Neurology.

Abstract (http://www.neurology.org/content/early/2012/10/03/WNL.0b013e31826e2606.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.neurology.org/content/early/2012/10/03/WNL.0b013e31826e2606.full.pdf+html )

Recent Decrease Seen in U.S. High School Drinking and Driving

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 3 (HealthDay News) -- The national prevalence of drinking and driving among high school students decreased by 54 percent from 1991 to 2011, with a national prevalence of 10.3 percent noted in 2011, according to a study published in the Oct. 2 early-release issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report.

Full Text (http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm61e1002a1.htm?s_cid=mm61e1002a1_w )

C-Reactive Protein, Fibrinogen Slightly Improve Risk Modeling

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 3 (HealthDay News) -- The addition of C-reactive protein (CRP) or fibrinogen offers a modest improvement to conventional cardiovascular risk modeling, according to a study published in the Oct. 4 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa1107477 )

Limiting the Problem of Missing Data Urged for Clinical Trials

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 3 (HealthDay News) -- Missing data compromise inferences from clinical trials, and due to the problematic nature of compensation with analysis methods, the importance of avoiding missing data in clinical trials is paramount, according to a special report published in the Oct. 4 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Fertility Treatment Linked to Multiple Sclerosis Worsening

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 3 (HealthDay News) -- Fertility treatment is associated with a higher risk of multiple sclerosis (MS) exacerbations, which is linked to the increase in reproductive hormones affecting immune function, according to a study published online Oct. 3 in the Annals of Neurology.

Abstract (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ana.23745/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ana.23745/full )

Mexiletine Shows Promise for Rare Nondystrophic Myotonias

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 3 (HealthDay News) -- There is preliminary evidence that mexiletine is effective for patients with rare nondystrophic myotonias (NDMs), according to a study published in the Oct. 3 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Cherry Intake Linked to Lower Risk of Recurrent Gout Attacks

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 3 (HealthDay News) -- Eating cherries or cherry extract is associated with a significantly lower risk of gout attacks, and this effect is intensified when cherry intake is combined with allopurinol use, according to research published online Sept. 28 in Arthritis & Rheumatism.

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Severe Anemia Linked to Poorer Heart Surgery Outcomes

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 3 (HealthDay News) -- Adults undergoing cardiac surgery who have moderate-to-severe preoperative anemia have significantly increased morbidity and mortality compared with non-severely anemic patients, according to research published in the October issue of the Annals of Thoracic Surgery.

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Meta-Analysis Confirms Sunbed, Non-Melanoma Skin Cancer Link

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 3 (HealthDay News) -- Pooled results of multiple studies confirm that indoor tanning increases the risk of non-melanoma skin cancers, especially if tanning starts before 25 years of age, according to research published online Oct. 2 in BMJ.

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Lasting Efficacy for Minimally-Invasive Spinal Fusion

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 3 (HealthDay News) -- For patients undergoing spinal fusion by minimally-invasive lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF), the procedure is safe and effective based on a follow-up of at least two years, according to research published online Sept. 6 in the Journal of Spinal Disorders & Techniques.

Abstract (http://journals.lww.com/jspinaldisorders/Abstract/publishahead/Minimally_Invasive_Lateral_Lumbar_Interbody.99581.aspx )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://journals.lww.com/pages/login.aspx?ContextUrl=%2fjspinaldisorders%2fsecure%2fpages%2fpurchase.aspx%3fan%3d00024720-900000000-99581 )

ProDisc-C Device Doesn't Change Facet Joint Pressures

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 3 (HealthDay News) -- Local facet joint contact pressures are not significantly altered during sagittal bending after the implantation of a ProDisc-C device at the C5 to C6 level in cadaveric human cervical spines, according to a study published online Sept. 12 in The Spine Journal.

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Insomnia Linked to Costly Workplace Accidents, Errors

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 3 (HealthDay News) -- Insomnia-related workplace accidents and errors are more costly and more frequent than accidents and errors caused by other chronic conditions, according to a study published online Oct. 1 in the Archives of General Psychiatry.

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Digital Mammography Tops Screen-Film for Screening

TUESDAY, Oct. 2 (HealthDay News) -- Compared with screen-film mammography, digital mammography substantially improved the detection of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) and invasive carcinoma, particularly when associated with microcalcifications, without an increase in clinically insignificant lesions, according to a study published online Oct. 2 in Radiology.

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Common Herbicide Linked to Rare Birth Defect

TUESDAY, Oct. 2 (HealthDay News) -- Maternal exposure to a common herbicide, atrazine, is associated with a nearly two-fold higher risk of having offspring with a rare birth defect of the nasal cavity, according to a study published online Sept. 28 in The Journal of Pediatrics.

Full Text (http://www.jpeds.com/webfiles/images/journals/ympd/FA-ajagopian.pdf )

High-Dose Vitamin D Does Not Prevent or Treat Colds

TUESDAY, Oct. 2 (HealthDay News) -- High monthly doses of vitamin D do not reduce the incidence or severity of upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs), according to a study published in the Oct. 3 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Abstract (http://jama.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=1367547#Abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://jama.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=1367547 )Editorial (subscription or payment may be required) (http://jama.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=1367448 )

Increased VTE Risk Seen in Rheumatoid Arthritis Qualified

TUESDAY, Oct. 2 (HealthDay News) -- Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is associated with an increase in the risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE), a risk that appears stable over the first 10 years after diagnosis, according to a study published in the Oct. 3 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Study Finds β-Blockers May Not Reduce Cardiovascular Event Risk

TUESDAY, Oct. 2 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) risk factors alone, previous myocardial infarction (MI), or CAD without MI, β-blockers are not associated with a lower rate of cardiovascular events, according to a study published in the Oct. 3 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Hip Resurfacing Shows Higher Failure Rate Than Replacement

TUESDAY, Oct. 2 (HealthDay News) -- Hip resurfacing has an "unacceptably high" failure rate, particularly in women, according to a study published online Oct. 2 in The Lancet.

Abstract (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(12)60989-1/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(12)60989-1/fulltext )Editorial (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(12)61270-7/fulltext )

Observation Units Could Save $3.1 Billion Nationally Per Year

TUESDAY, Oct. 2 (HealthDay News) -- The addition of observation units to U.S. hospitals which do not currently have them in place could save $3.1 billion nationally per year in health care costs, according to a study published online Sept. 26 in Health Affairs.

Abstract (http://content.healthaffairs.org/content/early/2012/09/20/hlthaff.2011.0926 )Full Text (http://content.healthaffairs.org/content/early/2012/09/20/hlthaff.2011.0926.full )

No New Safety Concerns for Gardasil in Young Females

TUESDAY, Oct. 2 (HealthDay News) -- Since its approval in 2006, no new safety concerns have been found to be associated with vaccinating girls and young women with the quadrivalent human papillomavirus vaccine (HPV4), Gardasil, according to a study published online Oct. 1 in the Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine.

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New Guidelines Issued for Management of Gout

TUESDAY, Oct. 2 (HealthDay News) -- Approaches for management of gout are presented in a two-part guideline issued by the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) and published online Sept. 28 in Arthritis Care & Research.

Abstract - Part 1 (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/acr.21772/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/acr.21772/full )Abstract - Part 2 (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/acr.21773/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/acr.21773/full )

Mortality Up With 80 Percent Oxygen in Abdominal Surgery

TUESDAY, Oct. 2 (HealthDay News) -- For patients undergoing abdominal surgery, use of 80 percent oxygen in the perioperative period is associated with an increased risk of long-term mortality, which is statistically significant for cancer patients but not for non-cancer patients, according to a study published in the October issue of Anesthesia & Analgesia.

Abstract (http://www.anesthesia-analgesia.org/content/115/4/849.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.anesthesia-analgesia.org/content/115/4/849.full )

Pregnancy-Onset Snoring Linked to High Blood Pressure

TUESDAY, Oct. 2 (HealthDay News) -- Pregnancy-onset snoring is associated with a significantly increased risk of gestational hypertension and preeclampsia, according to research published online Sept. 10 in the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

Abstract (http://www.ajog.org/article/S0002-9378(12)00914-3/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.ajog.org/article/S0002-9378(12)00914-3/fulltext )

Higher Risk of Esophageal, Stomach Cancer With AIDS

MONDAY, Oct. 1 (HealthDay News) -- There is an increased risk of esophageal and stomach cancers among people with AIDS, according to a study published in the October issue of Gastroenterology.

Abstract (http://www.gastrojournal.org/article/S0016-5085(12)00963-8/abstract )Full Text (http://www.gastrojournal.org/article/S0016-5085(12)00963-8/fulltext )

Sexual Dysfunction Common With Aromatase Inhibitors

MONDAY, Oct. 1 (HealthDay News) -- Sexual dysfunction is common among postmenopausal women treated with aromatase inhibitors after breast cancer, according to a study published online Sept. 17 in Menopause.

Abstract (http://journals.lww.com/menopausejournal/Abstract/publishahead/Sexual_dysfunction_in_women_on_adjuvant_endocrine.98748.aspx )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://journals.lww.com/pages/login.aspx?ContextUrl=%2fmenopausejournal%2fsecure%2fpages%2fpurchase.aspx%3fan%3d00042192-900000000-98748 )

Patients Benefit From Access to Physician Notes

MONDAY, Oct. 1 (HealthDay News) -- Patients report clinically relevant benefits and minimal concerns, while doctors do not experience negative consequences, from allowing patient access to visit notes, according to a study published in the Oct. 1 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine.

Abstract (http://annals.org/article.aspx?articleid=1363511#Abstract )Full Text (http://annals.org/article.aspx?articleid=1363511 )Editorial (http://annals.org/article.aspx?articleid=1363515 )

Respiratory Virus Patterns ID'd for Urban, Suburban Infants

MONDAY, Oct. 1 (HealthDay News) -- Compared with babies living in more suburban locations, those living in inner-city areas tend to have different patterns of viral respiratory illness, according to a study published online Sept. 25 in the Journal of Infectious Diseases.

Abstract (http://jid.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2012/09/22/infdis.jis504.abstract )Full Text (http://jid.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2012/09/22/infdis.jis504.full )Editorial (http://jid.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2012/09/22/infdis.jis507.full )

Developmental Outcomes Good for Late Preterm Infants in NICU

MONDAY, Oct. 1 (HealthDay News) -- Late preterm infants (LPIs), born at 34 to 36 weeks of gestation, who receive intensive care, have similar cognitive, motor, and language skills at age 3 as LPIs who did not receive intensive care, according to a study published online Oct. 1 in Pediatrics.

Abstract (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2012/09/26/peds.2012-0745.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2012/09/26/peds.2012-0745.full.pdf+html )

Endorectal MRI Can Aid With Prostate Cancer Treatment Plan

MONDAY, Oct. 1 (HealthDay News) -- Endorectal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can help to predict upgrading on confirmatory biopsy and to identify which prostate cancer patients may benefit from active surveillance, according to a study published online Sept. 26 in The Journal of Urology.

Abstract (http://www.jurology.com/article/S0022-5347(12)04203-6/abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.jurology.com/article/PIIS0022534712042036/fulltext )Editorial (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.jurology.com/article/S0022-5347(12)04520-X/fulltext )

Increase in Child Abuse Injuries Seen in Recent Years

MONDAY, Oct. 1 (HealthDay News) -- Over a period of 12 years, from 1997 to 2009, the incidence of serious injuries due to physical abuse increased in children younger than 18 and in infants younger than 1, according to a study published online Oct. 1 in Pediatrics.

Abstract (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2012/09/26/peds.2012-0922.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2012/09/26/peds.2012-0922.full.pdf+html )

U.S. Children Exposed to About Four Hours Background TV a Day

MONDAY, Oct. 1 (HealthDay News) -- On average, children in the United States are exposed to nearly four hours of background television per day, with younger children and African-American children having even higher exposure, according to a study published online Oct. 1 in Pediatrics.

Abstract (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2012/09/26/peds.2011-2581.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2012/09/26/peds.2011-2581.full.pdf+html )

Melatonin Effective for Sleep in Patients Taking β-Blockers

MONDAY, Oct. 1 (HealthDay News) -- Patients taking β-blockers for hypertension, which can disturb sleep, have improved sleep quality with melatonin treatment, according to a study published in the Oct. 1 issue of SLEEP.

Abstract (http://www.journalsleep.org/ViewAbstract.aspx?pid=28659 )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.journalsleep.org/ViewAbstract.aspx?pid=28659 )