Alexic anomia happens when you lose your ability to understand written words. You can no longer read and name words. This is a type of aphasia, which is a language disorder. It is caused by the brain not functioning correctly. This is a serious condition that may change over time, depending on the cause.
Alexic anomia is caused by damage to the language areas of the brain, for example:
Factors that may increase your risk of developing alexic anomia include:
If you have any of these symptoms, do not assume it is due to alexic anomia. These symptoms may be caused by other conditions. Tell your doctor if you have:
- Inability to read with understanding
- Ability to write, but not read what you have written
Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done. A neurological examination and tests may also be done to check brain function.
Your doctor may need pictures of your brain. This can be done with:
You may be referred to a neurologist. This is a doctor who specializes in diseases of the nervous system.
Talk with your doctor about the best plan for you. Treatment options include the following:
- Speech-language therapy—to help you use your ability to communicate, regain lost abilities, learn to make up for language problems, and learn other methods to communicate
- Counseling—to help you cope with your condition and help your family learn how to communicate with you
- Individualized rehabilitation program—to focus on what caused your condition
Stroke is the most common cause of aphasia. Follow these guidelines to help prevent stroke:
- Exercise regularly.
- Eat plenty of fruits and vegetables.
- Limit salt and fat in your diet.
- If you smoke, quit.
- If you drink, limit your intake.
- Maintain a healthy weight.
- Control your blood pressure.
- Ask your doctor if you should take aspirin.
- Properly treat and control chronic conditions such as diabetes.
- If you have signs of a stroke, get help right away.